2021A&A...645A..95H


Query : 2021A&A...645A..95H

2021A&A...645A..95H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 645A, 95-95 (2021/1-1)

The ROSAT Raster survey in the north ecliptic pole field. X-ray catalogue and optical identifications.

HASINGER G., FREYBERG M., HU E.M., WATERS C.Z., CAPAK P., MONETI A. and McCRACKEN H.J.

Abstract (from CDS):

The north ecliptic pole (NEP) is an important region for extragalactic surveys. Deep and wide contiguous surveys are being performed by several space observatories, most currently with the eROSITA telescope. Several more are planned for the near future. We analyse all the ROSAT pointed and survey observations in a region of 40 deg2 around the NEP, restricting the ROSAT field of view to the inner 30' radius. We obtain an X-ray catalogue of 805 sources with 0.5-2keV fluxes >2.9x10–15erg/cm2/s, about a factor of three deeper than the ROSAT All-Sky Survey in this field. The sensitivity and angular resolution of our data are comparable to the eROSITA All-Sky Survey expectations. The 50% position error radius of the sample of X-ray sources is ∼10''. We use HEROES optical and near-infrared imaging photometry from the Subaru and Canada/France/Hawaii telescopes together with GALEX, SDSS, Pan-STARRS, and WISE catalogues, as well as images from a new deep and wide Spitzer survey in the field to statistically identify the X-ray sources and to calculate photometric redshifts for the candidate counterparts. In particular, we utilize mid-infrared (mid-IR) colours to identify active galactic nucleus (AGN) X-ray counterparts. Despite the relatively large error circles and often faint counterparts, together with confusion issues and systematic errors, we obtain a rather reliable catalogue of 766 high-quality optical counterparts, corresponding redshifts and optical classifications. The quality of the dataset is sufficient to look at ensemble properties of X-ray source classes. In particular we find a new population of luminous absorbed X-ray AGN at large redshifts, identified through their mid-IR colours. This populous group of AGN was not recognized in previous X-ray surveys, but could be identified in our work due to the unique combination of survey solid angle, X-ray sensitivity, and quality of the multi-wavelength photometry. We also use the WISE and Spitzer photometry to identify a sample of 185 AGN selected purely through their mid-IR colours, most of which are not detected by ROSAT. Their redshifts and upper limits to X-ray luminosity and X-ray-to-optical flux ratios are even higher than for the new class of X-ray selected luminous type 2 AGN (AGN2); they are probably a natural extension of this sample. This unique dataset is important as a reference sample for future deep surveys in the NEP region, in particular for eROSITA and also for Euclid and SPHEREX. We predict that most of the absorbed distant AGN should be readily picked up by eROSITA, but they require sensitive mid-IR imaging to be recognized as optical counterparts.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2021

Journal keyword(s): surveys - catalogs - galaxies: nuclei - quasars: general - X-rays: galaxies - X-rays: galaxies: clusters

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/645/A95): table1.dat table3.dat table4.dat>

Status at CDS : Tables of objects will be appraised for possible ingestion in SIMBAD.

Simbad objects: 14

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Number of rows : 14
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NAME SMC G 00 52 38.0 -72 48 01   2.79 2.2     ~ 10381 1
2 NAME Magellanic Clouds GrG 03 00 -71.0           ~ 6418 1
3 NAME Chandra Deep Field-South reg 03 32 28.0 -27 48 30           ~ 1973 1
4 NAME SEP reg 06 00 00.000 -66 33 38.55           ~ 148 0
5 NAME COSMOS Field reg 10 00 28.60 +02 12 21.0           ~ 2591 0
6 Mrk 231 Sy1 12 56 14.2341182928 +56 52 25.238373852   14.68 13.84     ~ 1914 3
7 CFHQS J142952+544717 QSO 14 29 52.17 +54 47 17.7           ~ 42 0
8 Mrk 507 Sy1 17 48 38.423 +68 42 16.06   16.33 15.45     ~ 139 1
9 NGC 6543 PN 17 58 33.4039587288 +66 37 58.750734000   11.09 11.28     [WC] 1146 1
10 NAME NEP reg 18 00 00.000 +66 33 38.55           ~ 308 0
11 ACO 2304 ClG 18 19 35 +68 55.4           ~ 42 0
12 PN K 1-16 PN 18 21 52.1086837968 +64 21 53.406292104   14.44 14.96 15.26   PG1159 243 0
13 ClG 1821+64 ClG 18 21 56.7276 +64 20 55.841           ~ 497 1
14 7C 1821+6419 Sy1 18 21 57.2130271440 +64 20 36.221312076   14.23 14.24     ~ 572 1

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2022.10.02-01:47:18

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