2021A&A...650A.177Z


Query : 2021A&A...650A.177Z

2021A&A...650A.177Z - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 650A, 177-177 (2021/6-1)

Machine learning techniques in studies of the interior structure of rocky exoplanets.

ZHAO Y. and NI D.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. Earth-sized exoplanets have been discovered and characterized thanks to new developments in observational techniques, particularly those planets that may have a rocky composition that is comparable to terrestrial planets of the Solar System. Characterizing the interiors of rocky exoplanets is one of the main objectives in investigations of their habitability. Theoretical mass-radius relations are often used as a tool to constrain the internal structure of rocky exoplanets. But one mass-radius curve only represents a single interior structure and a great deal of computation time is required to obtain all possible interior structures that comply with the given mass and radius of a planet.
Aims. We apply a machine-learning approach based on mixture density networks (MDNs) to investigate the interiors of rocky exoplanets. We aim to provide a well-trained MDN model to quickly and efficiently predict the interior structure of rocky exoplanets.
Methods. We presented a training data set of rocky exoplanets with masses between 0.1 and 10 Earth masses based on three-layer interior models by assuming Earth-like compositions. This data set was then used to train the MDN model to predict the layer thicknesses and core properties of rocky exoplanets, where planetary mass, radius, and water content are inputs to the MDN. The performance of the trained MDN model was investigated in order to discern its predictive ability.
Results. The MDN model is found to show good performance in predicting the layer thicknesses and core properties of rocky exoplanets through a comparison with the real solutions obtained by solving the interior models. We also applied the MDN model to the Earth and the super-Earth exoplanet LHS 1140b. The MDN predictions are in good agreement with the interior model solutions within the uncertainties of planetary mass and radius. More importantly, the MDN model takes a much shorter computational time compared to the cost of the interior model calculations, offering a convenient and powerful tool for quickly obtaining information on planetary interiors.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2021

Journal keyword(s): methods: numerical - planets and satellites: terrestrial planets - planets and satellites: interiors

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 NAME G 268-38b Pl 00 44 59.3314993038 -15 16 17.543124886           ~ 145 0

Query : 2021A&A...650A.177Z

Basic data :
NAME G 268-38b -- Extra-solar Planet
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
Pl (2017Natur), Pl? (TOI), * (GJ)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
00 44 59.3314993038 -15 16 17.543124886 (Optical) [ 0.0533 0.0478 90 ] A 2018yCat.1345....0G
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
00 42 27.9641217644 -15 32 11.906918652 [ 0.0533 0.0478 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
115.4003670742391 -78.0488761351600 [ 0.0533 0.0478 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
317.585 -596.617 [0.121 0.085 90] A 2018yCat.1345....0G
Syntax of parallax is : 'value quality [error] bibcode'
  • value : parallax value
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • [error] : mean error
  • bibcode : bibcode of the parallax reference
Parallaxes (mas):
66.6996 [0.0674] A 2018yCat.1345....0G
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
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: 1 : 2 Display criteria :

The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
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GJ 3053 b NAME G 268-38b NAME LHS 1140b TOI-256.01

References (145 between 1850 and 2023) (Total 145)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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2023.02.04-10:36:11

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