2021A&A...651A..19D


Query : 2021A&A...651A..19D

2021A&A...651A..19D - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 651A, 19-19 (2021/7-1)

Multiepoch VLT-FORS spectropolarimetric observations of supernova 2012aw reveal an asymmetric explosion.

DESSART L., LEONARD D.C., HILLIER D.J. and PIGNATA G.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present VLT-FORS spectropolarimetric observations of the type II supernova (SN) 2012aw taken at seven epochs during the photospheric phase, from 16 to 120d after explosion. We corrected for interstellar polarization by postulating that the SN polarization is naught near the rest wavelength of the strongest lines - this is later confirmed by our modeling. SN 2012aw exhibits intrinsic polarization, with strong variations across lines, and with a magnitude that grows in the 7000Å line-free region from 0.1% at 16d up to 1.2% at 120d. This behavior is qualitatively similar to observations gathered for other type II SNe. A suitable rotation of Stokes vectors places the bulk of the polarization in q, suggesting the ejecta of SN 2012aw is predominantly axisymmetric. Using an upgraded version of our 2D polarized radiative transfer code, we modeled the wavelength- and time-dependent polarization of SN 2012aw. The key observables may be explained by the presence of a confined region of enhanced 56Ni at ∼4000km/s, which boosts the electron density in a cone having an opening angle of ∼50deg and an observer's inclination of ∼70deg to the axis of symmetry. With this fixed asymmetry in time, the observed evolution of the SN 2012aw polarization arises from the evolution of the ejecta optical depth, ionization, and the relative importance of multiple versus single scattering. However, the polarization signatures exhibit numerous degeneracies. Cancellation effects at early times imply that low polarization may even occur for ejecta with a large asymmetry. An axisymmetric ejecta with a latitudinal-dependent explosion energy can also yield similar polarization signatures as asymmetry in the 56Ni distribution. In spite of these uncertainties, SN 2012aw provides additional evidence for the generic asymmetry of type II SN ejecta, of which VLT-FORS spectropolarimetric observations are a decisive and exquisite probe.

Abstract Copyright: © L. Dessart et al. 2021

Journal keyword(s): supernovae: general - radiative transfer - polarization

Simbad objects: 16

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Number of rows : 16
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 SN 2013ej SN* 01 36 48.16 +15 45 31.0           SNIIP 151 0
2 SN 2017gmr SN* 02 35 30.15 -09 21 15.0           SNII 20 0
3 SN 1999em SN* 04 41 27.04 -02 51 45.2   13.79 13.7     SNIIP 615 1
4 SN 1987A SN* 05 35 28.020 -69 16 11.07           SNIIpec 4642 2
5 2MASS J07371703+6535579 HXB 07 37 17.0439241104 +65 35 57.815731387           SNIIP 249 1
6 Ve 6-23 Em* 09 06 00.0119701047 -47 18 58.165687540 14.28 13.83 12.12     B0V 38 0
7 SN 2012aw SN* 10 43 53.735 +11 40 17.63       15   SNIIP 160 1
8 SN 2007aa SN* 12 00 27.69 -01 04 51.6 16.9 16.4 5.8     SNIIP 52 1
9 SN 2006ov SN* 12 21 55.30 +04 29 16.7     14.9     SNIIP 60 1
10 HD 109055 * 12 31 41.2769591791 +22 07 24.419005145   8.86 8.82     A0V 41 0
11 HD 127769 * 14 33 35.6055529837 -16 23 36.021431820   9.41 9.07     A7V 11 0
12 BD+26 2606 SB* 14 49 02.3550036151 +25 42 09.136461939 9.92 10.16 9.73 9.27 8.95 A5 361 0
13 CD-28 13479 * 17 43 19.5889905561 -28 40 32.664304216 11.17 11.36 10.61 10.46   B1II-III:nn 29 0
14 HD 316232 * 17 45 43.6894069145 -29 13 18.040088310 10.61 10.92 10.27 10.25   O9IV 35 0
15 BD-14 4922 * 18 11 58.1006865842 -14 56 08.989541485 10.28 10.50 9.56 9.85   OB 21 0
16 SN 2008bk SN* 23 57 50.42 -32 33 21.5           SNIIP 113 2

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2021.12.09-15:56:03

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