2021A&A...656A.108M


Query : 2021A&A...656A.108M

2021A&A...656A.108M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 656A, 108-108 (2021/12-1)

First black hole mass estimation for the quadruple lensed system WGD2038-4008.

MELO A., MOTTA V., GODOY N., MEJIA-RESTREPO J., ASSEF R.J., MEDIAVILLA E., FALCO E., AVILA-VERA F. and JEREZ R.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. The quadruple lensed system WGD2038-4008 (zs = 0.777 ± 0.001) has recently been discovered with the help of new techniques and observations. Black hole masses have been estimated for lensed quasars, but they have mostly been calculated for one broad emission line of one image. However, the images could be affected by microlensing, which changes the results.
Aims. We present black hole mass (MBH) estimations for images A and B of WGD2038-4008 using the three most prominent broad emission lines (Hα, Hβ, and MgII) obtained in one single-epoch spectra. This is the first time the mass has been estimated in a lensed quasar in two images, allowing us to disentangle the effects of microlensing. The high S/N of our spectra allows us to get reliable results that can be compared with the existing data in the literature.
Methods. We used the X-shooter instrument mounted on the Very Large Telescope at Paranal Observatory to observe this system, taking advantage of its wide spectral range (UVB, VIS, and NIR). The sky emission correction was performed using principal component analysis as the nodding was small compared to the image separation. We compared the lines profiles to identify the microlensing in the broad-line region and corrected each spectra by the image magification. Using the flux ratio of the continuum to the core of the emission lines, we analyzed whether microlensing was present in the continuum source.
Results. We obtained MBH using the single-epoch method with the Hα and Hβ emission lines from the monochromatic luminosity and the velocity width. The luminosity at 3000 Å was obtained using the spectral energy distribution of image A, while the luminosity at 5100 Å was estimated directly from the spectra. The average MBH between the images obtained was log10(MBH/M) = 8.27 ± 1.05, 8.25 ± 0.32, and 8.59 ± 0.35 for MgII, Hβ, and Hα, respectively. We find Eddington ratios similar to those measured in the literature for unlensed low-luminosity quasars. Microlensing of -0.16 ± 0.06 mag in the continuum was found, but the induced error in the MBH is minor compared to that associated with the macromodel magnification. We also obtained the accretion disk size using the MBH for the three emission lines, obtaining an average value of log10(rs/cm)=15.3 ± 0.63, which is in agreement with theoretical estimates.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2021

Journal keyword(s): gravitational lensing: strong - gravitational lensing: micro - quasars: individual: WGD2038-4008 - black hole physics - quasars: supermassive black holes

Simbad objects: 9

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Number of rows : 9
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 4C 05.19 QSO 04 14 37.76734974 +05 34 42.3295956   24.100 23.800 21.270   ~ 349 2
2 [VV2006] J043814.8-122314 QSO 04 38 14.88 -12 17 14.6     17.15     ~ 211 2
3 GD 153 WD* 12 57 02.3224909560 +22 01 52.634778240 11.883 13.060 13.349 13.488 13.669 DA1.2 342 0
4 HD 115470 * 13 18 05.1042607440 -44 03 19.380018204   6.77 6.79     B9.5V 33 0
5 QSO J1415+1129 QSO 14 15 46.25 +11 29 43.4   17.63 17.23     ~ 627 0
6 CD-38 10980 WD* 16 23 33.8380498896 -39 13 46.161043572 9.916 10.885 11.029 10.936 10.841 DA2 469 0
7 [ALK2018] WGD J2038-4008 LS? 20 38 02.707 -40 08 13.59           ~ 12 0
8 QSO J2240+0321 QSO 22 40 30.234 +03 21 30.63           ~ 667 1
9 Feige 110 HS* 23 19 58.3996844256 -05 09 56.171142864 10.360 11.45 11.50 11.970 12.145 sdO8VIIIHe5 612 1

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2023.01.31-00:37:29

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