2022A&A...657A..41R


Query : 2022A&A...657A..41R

2022A&A...657A..41R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 657A, 41-41 (2022/1-1)

The outermost stellar halo of NGC 5128 (Centaurus A): Radial structure.

REJKUBA M., HARRIS W.E., GREGGIO L., CRNOJEVIC D. and HARRIS G.L.H.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. The extended stellar halos of galaxies contain important clues for investigating their assembly history and evolution.
Aims. We investigate the resolved stellar content and the extended halo of NGC 5128 as a function of galactocentric distance, and trace the halo outward to its currently detectable limits.
Methods. We used Hubble Space Telescope images obtained with the WFPC2, ACS, and WFC3 cameras equipped with F606W and F814W filters to resolve individual red giant branch (RGB) stars in 28 independent pointings across the halo of NGC 5128. The stellar halo analysis for 14 of these pointings is presented here for the first time. Star counts from deep VI color-magnitude diagrams reaching at least 1.5 mag below the tip of the RGB are used to derive the surface density distribution of the halo. The contamination by Milky Way stars is assessed with a new control field, with models, and by combining optical and near-IR photometry.
Results. We present a new calibration of the WFC3 F606W + F814W photometry to the ground-based VI photometric system. The photometry shows that the stellar halo of NGC 5128 is dominated by old RGB stars that are present in all fields. The V-band surface brightness of fields changes from 23 to 32 mag arcsec–2 between the innermost field only 8.3 kpc from the galaxy center to our outermost halo fields, which are located 140 kpc away from the center along the major axis and 92 kpc along the minor axis. Within the inner ∼30 kpc, we also find evidence for a 2 - 3 Gyr old population traced by asymptotic giant branch stars that are brighter than the tip of the RGB. This population contributes only up to 10% in total stellar mass if it is 2 Gyr old, but a larger fraction of 30 - 40% is required if its age is 3 Gyr. The stellar surface density profile is well fit by a classic r1/4 curve or a simple power-law form ∼r–3.1 over the full radial range, with no obvious break in the slope, but with large field-to-field scatter. The ellipticity measured from integrated-light photometry in the inner parts, e = (b/a) = 0.77, flattens to e = 0.54 ±0.02 beyond 30 kpc. Considering the flattening of the outer halo, the projection of the elliptical isophote on the semimajor axis for our most distant field reaches nearly 30 effective radii.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2022

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: elliptical and lenticular - cD - galaxies: individual: NGC 5128 - galaxies: stellar content

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/657/A41): fields.dat catalog.dat>

Status at CDS : Tables of objects will be appraised for possible ingestion in SIMBAD.

Simbad objects: 7

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Number of rows : 7
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 NGC 104 GlC 00 24 05.359 -72 04 53.20   5.78 4.09     ~ 3781 0
2 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 12097 1
3 NAME Magellanic Clouds GrG 03 00 -71.0           ~ 6555 1
4 NAME Cen A Group GrG 13 20 33.9 -44 58 51           ~ 253 0
5 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.61521044 -43 01 08.8050291   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 4320 3
6 [CSC2014] CenA-MM-Dw3 G 13 30 21.5 -42 11 33           ~ 14 0
7 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 7893 0

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2023.01.31-01:32:00

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