2022A&A...657A..52B


Query : 2022A&A...657A..52B

2022A&A...657A..52B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 657A, 52-52 (2022/1-1)

Detection of the tidal deformation of WASP-103b at 3 σ with CHEOPS.

BARROS S.C.C., AKINSANMI B., BOUE G., SMITH A.M.S., LASKAR J., ULMER-MOLL S., LILLO-BOX J., QUELOZ D., COLLIER CAMERON A., SOUSA S.G., EHRENREICH D., HOOTON M.J., BRUNO G., DEMORY B.-O., CORREIA A.C.M., DEMANGEON O.D.S., WILSON T.G., BONFANTI A., HOYER S., ALIBERT Y., ALONSO R., ESCUDE G.A., BARBATO D., BARCZY T., BARRADO D., BAUMJOHANN W., BECK M., BECK T., BENZ W., BERGOMI M., BILLOT N., BONFILS X., BOUCHY F., BRANDEKER A., BROEG C., CABRERA J., CESSA V., CHARNOZ S., CORRAL VAN DAMME C., DAVIES M.B., DELEUIL M., DELINE A., DELREZ L., ERIKSON A., FORTIER A., FOSSATI L., FRIDLUND M., GANDOLFI D., MUNOZ A.G., GILLON M., GUDEL M., ISAAK K.G., HENG K., KISS L., DES ETANGS A.L., LENDL M., LOVIS C., MAGRIN D., NASCIMBENI V., MAXTED P.F.L., OLOFSSON G., OTTENSAMER R., PAGANO I., PALLE E., PARVIAINEN H., PETER G., PIOTTO G., POLLACCO D., RAGAZZONI R., RANDO N., RAUER H., RIBAS I., SANTOS N.C., SCANDARIATO G., SEGRANSAN D., SIMON A.E., STELLER M., SZABO G.M., THOMAS N., UDRY S., ULMER B., VAN GROOTEL V. and WALTON N.A.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. Ultra-short period planets undergo strong tidal interactions with their host star which lead to planet deformation and orbital tidal decay.
Aims. WASP-103b is the exoplanet with the highest expected deformation signature in its transit light curve and one of the shortest expected spiral-in times. Measuring the tidal deformation of the planet would allow us to estimate the second degree fluid Love number and gain insight into the planet's internal structure. Moreover, measuring the tidal decay timescale would allow us to estimate the stellar tidal quality factor, which is key to constraining stellar physics.
Methods. We obtained 12 transit light curves of WASP-103b with the CHaracterising ExOplanet Satellite (CHEOPS) to estimate the tidal deformation and tidal decay of this extreme system. We modelled the high-precision CHEOPS transit light curves together with systematic instrumental noise using multi-dimensional Gaussian process regression informed by a set of instrumental parameters. To model the tidal deformation, we used a parametrisation model which allowed us to determine the second degree fluid Love number of the planet. We combined our light curves with previously observed transits of WASP-103b with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Spitzer to increase the signal-to-noise of the light curve and better distinguish the minute signal expected from the planetary deformation.
Results. We estimate the radial Love number of WASP-103b to be hf = 1.59–0.53+0.45. This is the first time that the tidal deformation is directly detected (at 3 σ) from the transit light curve of an exoplanet. Combining the transit times derived from CHEOPS, HST, and Spitzer light curves with the other transit times available in the literature, we find no significant orbital period variation for WASP-103b. However, the data show a hint of an orbital period increase instead of a decrease, as is expected for tidal decay. This could be either due to a visual companion star if this star is bound, the Applegate effect, or a statistical artefact.
Conclusions. The estimated Love number of WASP-103b is similar to Jupiter's. This will allow us to constrain the internal structure and composition of WASP-103b, which could provide clues on the inflation of hot Jupiters. Future observations with James Webb Space Telescope can better constrain the radial Love number of WASP-103b due to their high signal-to-noise and the smaller signature of limb darkening in the infrared. A longer time baseline is needed to constrain the tidal decay in this system.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2022

Journal keyword(s): planets and satellites: fundamental parameters - planets and satellites: composition - planets and satellites: interiors - planets and satellites: individual: WASP-103b - techniques: photometric - time

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/657/A52): lccorr.dat lcraw.dat>

Errata: erratum vol. 658, art. C1 (2022)

Simbad objects: 10

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Number of rows : 10
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 HD 10069b Pl 01 37 25.0335097438 -45 40 40.376513381           ~ 324 1
2 WASP-12 ** 06 30 32.7966092352 +29 40 20.263502460   12.14 11.57     G0V 283 2
3 WASP-12b Pl 06 30 32.7966788910 +29 40 20.266334158           G0 700 1
4 CD-38 3220 * 07 10 24.0604565856 -39 05 50.571250476   11.00 10.51     F6V 76 0
5 CD-38 3220b Pl 07 10 24.0606039387 -39 05 50.570553937           ~ 242 0
6 HAT-P-13 * 08 39 31.8072358440 +47 21 07.273799280   11.15 10.42 10.40   G4 128 2
7 HAT-P-13b Pl 08 39 31.8073600797 +47 21 07.275628863           ~ 103 1
8 WASP-103b Pl 16 37 15.5753608801 +07 11 00.119024745           ~ 158 1
9 WASP-103 * 16 37 15.5765824488 +07 11 00.109678740     12.1     F8V 62 1
10 WASP-4 PM* 23 34 15.0857248317 -42 03 41.047972591   13.51 12.48 11.9   G7V 160 1

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2023.01.31-00:40:14

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