Query : 2022A&A...657A.109H

2022A&A...657A.109H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 657A, 109-109 (2022/1-1)

Dynamic atmospheres and winds of cool luminous giants. II. Gradual Fe enrichment of wind-driving silicate grains.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. The winds observed around asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars are generally attributed to radiation pressure on dust formed in the extended dynamical atmospheres of these long-period variables. The composition of wind-driving grains is affected by a feedback between their optical properties and the resulting heating due to stellar radiation.
Aims. We explore the gradual Fe enrichment of wind-driving silicate grains in M-type AGB stars to derive typical values for Fe/Mg and to test the effects on wind properties and synthetic spectra.
Methods. We present new radiation-hydrodynamical DARWIN models that allow for the growth of silicate grains with a variable Fe/Mg ratio and predict mass-loss rates, wind velocities, and grain properties. Synthetic spectra and other observables are computed a posteriori with the COMA code.
Results. The self-regulating feedback between grain composition and radiative heating, in combination with quickly falling densities in the stellar wind, leads to low values of Fe/Mg, typically a few percent. Nevertheless, the new models show distinct silicate features around 10 and 18 microns. Fe enrichment affects visual and near-IR photometry moderately, and the new DARWIN models agree well with observations in (J - K) versus (V - K) and Spitzer color-color diagrams. The enrichment of the silicate dust with Fe is a secondary process, taking place in the stellar wind on the surface of large Fe-free grains that have initiated the outflow. Therefore, the mass-loss rates are basically unaffected, while the wind velocities tend to be slightly higher than in corresponding models with Fe-free silicate dust.
Conclusions. The gradual Fe enrichment of silicate grains in the inner wind region should produce signatures observable in mid-IR spectro-interferometrical measurements. Mass-loss rates derived from existing DARWIN models, based on Fe-free silicates, can be applied to stellar evolution models since the mass-loss rates are not significantly affected by the inclusion of Fe in the silicate grains.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2022

Journal keyword(s): stars: AGB and post-AGB - stars: atmospheres - stars: mass-loss - stars: winds, outflows - circumstellar matter

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 V* RT Vir AB* 13 02 37.9814644272 +05 11 08.362884984 10.07 9.07 7.41     M8III 310 0
2 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 4012 0

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