Query : 2022A&A...657A.128J

2022A&A...657A.128J - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 657A, 128-128 (2022/1-1)

A derivation of nano-diamond optical constants. Here be nano-diamonds.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. Nano-diamonds are an enticing and enigmatic dust component yet their origin is still unclear. They have been unequivocally detected in only a few astronomical objects, yet they are the most abundant of the pre-solar grains, both in terms of mass and number.
Aims. Our goal is to derive a viable set of nano-diamond optical constants and optical properties to enable their modelling in any type of astrophysical object where, primarily, the local (inter)stellar radiation field is well-determined.
Methods. The complex indices of refraction, m(n, k), of nano-diamonds, constrained by available laboratory measurements, were calculated as a function of size, surface hydrogenation, and internal (dis)order, using the THEMIS a-C(:H) methodology optEC(s)(a).
Results. To demonstrate the utility of the optical properties (the efficiency factors Qext, Qsca, and Qabs), calculated using the derived m(n, k) data, we show that nano-diamonds could be abundant in the interstellar medium (ISM) and yet remain undetectable there.
Conclusions. The derived optical constants provide a means to explore the existence and viability of nano-diamonds in a wide range of astronomical sources. Here we show that up to a few percent of the available carbon budget could be hidden in the form of nano-diamonds in the diffuse ISM, in abundances comparable to the pre-solar nano-diamond abundances in primitive meteorites.

Abstract Copyright: © A. P. Jones and N. Ysard 2022

Journal keyword(s): dust, extinction - ISM: abundances

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 V* V892 Tau Ae* 04 18 40.6157618376 +28 19 15.625058880   16.6 14.69 14.35   A0Ve 285 0
2 HD 44179 pA* 06 19 58.2185496 -10 38 14.706068 9.51 9.33 9.02     B9Ib/II 745 0
3 HD 89353 pA* 10 18 07.5899342712 -28 59 31.195183524   5.76 5.53     B9.5Ib/II 300 0
4 HD 97048 Ae* 11 08 03.3109731720 -77 39 17.490777444 9.03 8.76 9.00   8.64 A0Vep 515 0

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