2022A&A...661A..16V


Query : 2022A&A...661A..16V

2022A&A...661A..16V - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 661A, 16-16 (2022/5-1)

The eROSITA Final Equatorial-Depth Survey (eFEDS). Presenting the demographics of X-ray emission from normal galaxies.

VULIC N., HORNSCHEMEIER A.E., HABERL F., BASU-ZYCH A.R., KYRITSIS E., ZEZAS A., SALVATO M., PTAK A., BOGDAN A., KOVLAKAS K., WILMS J., SASAKI M., LIU T., MERLONI A., DWELLY T., BRUNNER H., LAMER G., MAITRA C., NANDRA K. and SANTANGELO A.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. The eROSITA Final Equatorial Depth Survey (eFEDS), completed in survey mode during the calibration and performance verification phase of the eROSITA instrument on Spectrum Roentgen Gamma, delivers data at and beyond the final depth of the 4-yr eROSITA all-sky survey (eRASS:8), f_0.5-2 keV_ = 1.1 x 10–14 erg s–1 cm–2, over 140 deg2. It provides the first view of normal galaxy X-ray emission from X-ray binaries (XRBs) and the hot interstellar medium at the full depth of eRASS:8.
Aims. We used the Heraklion Extragalactic Catalogue (HECATE) of galaxies to correlate with eFEDS X-ray sources and identify X-ray detected normal galaxies. This flux-limited X-ray survey is relatively free from selection effects and enables the study of integrated normal galaxy X-ray emission and its relation to galaxy parameters such as the stellar mass, star formation rate (SFR), and metallicity.
Methods. We cross-correlated 32 646 eFEDS X-ray sources to 1181 HECATE normal galaxies and obtained 94 matches. We classified galaxies as star-forming, early-type, composite, and active galactic nuclei (AGN) using Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and Six-degree Field (6dF) optical spectroscopy.
Results. The eFEDS field harbours 37 normal galaxies: 36 late-type (star-forming) galaxies and one early-type galaxy. There are 1.9 times as many normal galaxies as predicted by scaling relations via simulations, with an overabundance of late-type galaxies and a dearth of early-type galaxies. When compared with empirical relations, eFEDS dwarf galaxies with a high specific SFR have elevated LX/SFR at a fixed specific SFR and metallicity, indicating an increase in XRB emission due to low metallicity. We expect that eRASS:8 will detect 12 500 normal galaxies, the majority of which will be star-forming, with the caveat that there are unclassified sources in eFEDS and galaxy catalogue incompleteness issues that could increase the actual number of detected galaxies over these current estimates.
Conclusions. eFEDS observations detected a rare population of galaxies - the metal-poor dwarf starbursts - that do not follow known scaling relations. eRASS is expected to discover significant numbers of these high-redshift analogues, which are important for studying the heating of the intergalactic medium at high redshift. Further investigation of the hot gas emission from normal galaxies and stochastic effects in the dwarf galaxy population are required to constrain their X-ray output.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2022

Journal keyword(s): surveys - galaxies: starburst - galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: statistics - X-rays: galaxies - X-rays: binaries

Status at CDS : Tables of objects will be appraised for possible ingestion in SIMBAD.

Simbad objects: 95

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Number of rows : 95
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NAME Chandra Deep Field-South reg 03 32 28.0 -27 48 30           ~ 1962 1
2 2MASX J08273182-0137307 GiG 08 27 31.8055169568 -01 37 31.219207932   15.5       ~ 9 0
3 UGC 4430 GiG 08 28 07.9901636160 -01 32 19.086895284   15.3       ~ 16 0
4 6dFGS gJ083011.5-012508 G 08 30 11.545 -01 25 08.49   16.35   15.64   ~ 3 0
5 6dFGS gJ083058.2-000534 EmG 08 30 58.2362419728 -00 05 32.887637088   15.5       ~ 7 0
6 2MASX J08322960-0054108 EmG 08 32 29.6243031648 -00 54 10.686849912   15.5       ~ 7 0
7 2MASX J08324682-0019468 G 08 32 46.8445538904 -00 19 46.642196388   16.34   15.35   ~ 3 0
8 UGC 4467 BiC 08 32 46.8566762760 +00 13 40.968115572   15.2       ~ 18 0
9 LEDA 1281998 G 08 34 22.9 +05 20 53           ~ 2 0
10 UGC 4480 GiG 08 34 31.7013272832 +01 39 57.907113048   14.7       ~ 18 0
11 LEDA 3996672 G 08 34 37.1697825624 +04 28 16.202848368           ~ 4 0
12 2MASX J08350574-0151023 G 08 35 05.7198897720 -01 51 01.840846608   16.34   14.99   ~ 9 0
13 NGC 2616 GiG 08 35 34.0696421904 -01 51 00.415506564   15.2       ~ 39 1
14 2MASX J08353838-0114072 G 08 35 38.4016944384 -01 14 07.047484008   16.55   15.20   ~ 9 0
15 LEDA 3092142 G 08 35 38.7888219288 +04 45 25.320530484           ~ 11 0
16 6dFGS gJ083541.8-014524 GiG 08 35 41.7766194840 -01 45 24.542180280   15.3       ~ 12 0
17 2MASX J08354710-0156381 G 08 35 47.1488632632 -01 56 37.752319788   15.7       ~ 11 0
18 UGC 4491 GiG 08 35 48.5245438344 +01 43 18.222774312   13.9       ~ 30 0
19 NGC 2618 G 08 35 53.5430063664 +00 42 25.606115604   13.9       ~ 35 0
20 2MASX J08363085+0402158 LIN 08 36 30.8507129904 +04 02 15.554403708           ~ 12 0
21 2MASX J08363892-0131541 G 08 36 38.9532758256 -01 31 53.953673952   15.6       ~ 10 0
22 2MASX J08371232-0210046 G 08 37 12.3706114968 -02 10 04.133680428   16.46   15.12   ~ 5 0
23 LEDA 1208190 G 08 37 23.572 +01 51 27.01           ~ 5 0
24 6dFGS gJ083807.0-015019 G 08 38 07.0 -01 50 19   17.24   15.94   ~ 3 0
25 Z 4-98 PaG 08 38 52.390 +01 23 57.04   15.3       ~ 10 0
26 LEDA 2816619 G 08 39 39.209 +03 49 42.63           ~ 9 0
27 LEDA 3450700 G 08 41 17.923 +03 53 06.82           ~ 4 0
28 NGC 2644 G 08 41 31.9105611288 +04 58 48.940988448   13.40       ~ 60 0
29 2MASX J08415968+0055397 G 08 41 59.6690784624 +00 55 40.140453504   15.4       ~ 5 0
30 6dFGS gJ084201.8-014513 EmG 08 42 01.838 -01 45 13.38   16.13   15.12   ~ 3 0
31 2MASX J08424013-0033478 G 08 42 40.1106994128 -00 33 47.387205504   15.3       ~ 14 0
32 LEDA 213516 G 08 43 18.318 +03 36 01.47           ~ 5 0
33 UGC 4553 G 08 43 26.1211834296 +03 36 52.378025976   14.8       ~ 18 0
34 SDSS J084643.28+023221.2 G 08 46 43.2908133408 +02 32 21.220401048           ~ 3 0
35 IC 521 LIN 08 46 43.9612405680 +02 32 14.705037312   14.8       ~ 19 0
36 Z 33-6 G 08 46 54.0587779032 +02 30 05.222804652   15.6       ~ 12 0
37 2MASX J08471408+0121451 EmG 08 47 14.089 +01 21 44.65           ~ 13 0
38 Z 33-8 G 08 47 31.468 +02 41 24.91   15.6       ~ 9 0
39 Z 5-14 G 08 50 12.3773921184 +00 39 24.583586400   15.7       ~ 13 0
40 UGC 4625 G 08 50 17.750 +03 29 51.29   15.4       ~ 29 0
41 UGC 4640 G 08 51 43.824 -02 08 02.58   13.1   13.2 13.1 ~ 32 0
42 2MASX J08530956+0214469 Sy1 08 53 09.5580648072 +02 14 47.065033500   16.96 16.28     ~ 12 0
43 Z 5-23 AGN 08 53 40.7278281216 +01 33 48.644674452   15.20       ~ 37 0
44 IRAS F08515+0123 G 08 54 05.9034906144 +01 11 30.723389664           ~ 16 0
45 UGC 4672 EmG 08 55 43.1973249912 -02 17 19.676523192   14.8       ~ 14 0
46 NGC 2706 GiG 08 56 12.312 -02 33 48.33   13.8       ~ 52 0
47 UGC 4684 EmG 08 56 40.708 +00 22 30.42   14.00   13.8 13.9 ~ 59 1
48 NGC 2713 LIN 08 57 20.5099225680 +02 55 16.910766444   12.9       ~ 101 0
49 LEDA 1145379 G 08 57 45.270 -00 21 23.78           ~ 5 0
50 2MASX J08574729-0011599 AGN 08 57 47.3182830408 -00 11 59.867388924   15.1       ~ 16 0
51 2MASX J08582861+0001246 Sy2 08 58 28.5922639728 +00 01 24.531135960   17.15 16.60     ~ 27 0
52 LEDA 4009917 G 08 59 07.124 +03 17 03.98           ~ 5 0
53 LEDA 1147505 G 08 59 09.611 -00 16 19.70           ~ 4 0
54 Z 33-37 G 08 59 49.0419293712 +05 03 39.107516400   14.8       ~ 19 0
55 Z 5-48 G 09 01 45.196 +00 31 18.79   15.6       ~ 13 0
56 2MASX J09022937+0323063 LIN 09 02 29.3838066672 +03 23 05.974188360   15.2       ~ 17 0
57 MCG+01-23-019 Sy2 09 03 33.3491812200 +03 22 33.064787136   15.2       ~ 15 0
58 2MASX J09033694-0107488 G 09 03 36.9235751880 -01 07 48.514698804   15.7       ~ 6 0
59 SDSS J090531.07+033530.4 EmG 09 05 31.0881391968 +03 35 30.353600076           ~ 9 0
60 2MASX J09063955-0051552 EmG 09 06 39.5494613904 -00 51 55.092455244   15.50       ~ 21 0
61 NGC 2765 GiG 09 07 36.6392523384 +03 23 34.469642868   13.30       ~ 79 0
62 2MASX J09081178-0148075 G 09 08 11.7907009056 -01 48 07.548876756   15.6       ~ 11 0
63 UGC 4804 G 09 08 37.5254698488 -01 45 12.049183656   14.8   14.9 15.0 ~ 11 0
64 2MASX J09084182+0029049 AGN 09 08 41.8381681272 +00 29 04.855173036   15.30       ~ 31 0
65 Z 6-8 EmG 09 09 17.003 -01 09 58.62   15.82   14.65   ~ 17 0
66 6dFGS gJ090925.1-014432 EmG 09 09 25.1597892576 -01 44 31.910241696   15.1       ~ 9 0
67 UGC 4857 G 09 13 13.385 +03 13 49.04   14.7       ~ 30 0
68 IC 531 EmG 09 17 50.7999577128 -00 16 42.131405100   14.44       ~ 49 1
69 LEDA 135718 LSB 09 19 55.179 -00 35 28.74   16.4       ~ 9 0
70 Mrk 1232 LIN 09 19 55.1859609936 +00 56 42.554513184   15.4       ~ 31 0
71 NVSS J092002+010217 rG 09 20 02.1686132904 +01 02 17.929978836   14.1 13.87     ~ 54 0
72 UGC 4978 G 09 22 06.208 +03 53 50.18   15.6       ~ 25 0
73 SDSS J092234.14+030501.2 G 09 22 34.1462559504 +03 05 01.183366752           ~ 8 0
74 NGC 2858 GiC 09 22 55.0071675288 +03 09 24.988363488   13.8       ~ 26 0
75 NGC 2861 LIN 09 23 36.4993871808 +02 08 11.307547716   13.74 13.06 12.57 12.44 ~ 46 0
76 MCG+00-24-011 LIN 09 23 42.9488087832 +01 20 57.178648824   14.8       ~ 20 0
77 LEDA 135721 LSB 09 23 46.366 +02 45 10.74   16.4       ~ 17 0
78 MCG+00-24-013 GiG 09 23 48.022 +02 06 45.85   15.45 14.86 14.43 14.08 ~ 20 0
79 LEDA 1136566 G 09 25 34.215 -00 42 50.17           ~ 3 0
80 NGC 2877 rG 09 25 46.9790442096 +02 13 44.825318724   14.7       ~ 24 0
81 NGC 2878 GiG 09 25 47.4533861112 +02 05 22.577686944   14.9       ~ 28 0
82 UGC 5027 GiC 09 26 17.256 +03 08 05.10   15.52       ~ 28 1
83 NGC 2898 LIN 09 29 46.3412993592 +02 03 51.694534908   14.8       ~ 25 0
84 Z 6-50 G 09 30 25.6 -01 51 24   15.7       ~ 17 0
85 LEDA 1212621 G 09 30 37.1008987080 +01 59 44.446738380           ~ 8 0
86 UGC 5075 LIN 09 31 41.6349838584 +04 30 00.106994772   14.6       ~ 20 0
87 Mrk 1233 G 09 34 10.627 +00 14 31.27   14.6   14.5 14.2 ~ 53 0
88 2MASX J09355250+0401010 EmG 09 35 52.504 +04 01 01.08   15.30       ~ 32 0
89 2MASX J09363457+0344284 G 09 36 34.6103548656 +03 44 28.473197280           ~ 3 0
90 Z 7-9 G 09 36 35.3550736944 +01 06 59.567280588   14.9       ~ 23 0
91 NGC 2936 rG 09 37 44.1399551712 +02 45 39.173273352 13.92 13.90 13.06     ~ 50 1
92 NGC 2937 G 09 37 45.0287384424 +02 44 50.497040040 15.11 14.60 13.66     ~ 33 1
93 UGC 5138 Sy2 09 38 30.665 +02 34 23.77   15.4       ~ 30 0
94 NGC 2960 SyG 09 40 36.3826266216 +03 34 37.235848260   13.60       ~ 157 1
95 IC 549 G 09 40 43.253 +03 57 34.97   14.8       ~ 14 0

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2022.08.09-15:49:34

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