2022A&A...666A..12K


Query : 2022A&A...666A..12K

2022A&A...666A..12K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 666A, 12 (2022/10-1)

Dust depletion of metals from local to distant galaxies I. Peculiar nucleosynthesis effects and grain growth in the ISM.

KONSTANTOPOULOU C., DE CIA A., KROGAGER J.-K., LEDOUX C., NOTERDAEME P., FYNBO J.P.U., HEINTZ K.E., WATSON D., ANDERSEN A.C., RAMBURUTH-HURT T. and JERMANN I.

Abstract (from CDS):

Large fractions of metals are missing from the observable gas-phase in the interstellar medium (ISM) because they are incorporated into dust grains. This phenomenon is called dust depletion. It is important to study the depletion of metals into dust grains in the ISM to investigate the origin and evolution of metals and cosmic dust. We characterize the dust depletion of several metals from the Milky Way to distant galaxies. We collected measurements of ISM metal column densities from absorption-line spectroscopy in the literature, and in addition, we determined Ti and Ni column densities from a sample of 70 damped Lyman-α absorbers (DLAs) toward quasars that were observed at high spectral resolution with the Very Large Telescope (VLT) Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES). We used relative ISM abundances to estimate the dust depletion of 18 metals (C, P, O, Cl, Kr, S, Ge, Mg, Si, Cu, Co, Mn, Cr, Ni, Al, Ti, Zn, and Fe) for different environments (the Milky Way, the Magellanic Clouds, and DLAs toward quasars and towards gamma-ray bursts). We observed overall linear relations between the depletion of each metal and the overall strength of the dust depletion, which we traced with the observed [Zn/Fe]. The slope of these dust depletion sequences correlates with the condensation temperature of the various elements, that is, the more refractory elements show steeper depletion sequences. In the neutral ISM of the Magellanic Clouds, small deviations from linearity are observed as an overabundance of the α-elements Ti, Mg, S, and an underabundance of Mn, including for metal-rich systems. The Ti, Mg, and Mn deviations completely disappear when we assume that all systems in our sample of OB stars observed toward the Magellanic Clouds have an α-element enhancement and Mn underabundance, regardless of their metallicity. This may imply that the Magellanic Clouds have recently been enriched in α-elements, potentially through recent bursts of star formation. We also observe an S overabundance in all local galaxies, which is an effect of ionization due to the contribution of their H II regions to the measured S II column densities. The observed strong correlations of the depletion sequences of the metals all the way from low-metallicity quasi-stellar object DLAs to the Milky Way suggest that cosmic dust has a common origin, regardless of the star formation history, which, in contrast, varies significantly between these different galaxies. This supports the importance of grain growth in the ISM as a significant process of dust production.

Abstract Copyright: © C. Konstantopoulou et al. 2022

Journal keyword(s): dust, extinction - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: abundances - Galaxy: abundances - Magellanic Clouds - quasars: absorption lines

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/666/A12): tabled1.dat tabled2.dat tabled3.dat>

Errata: erratum vol. 674, art. C1 (2023)

Simbad objects: 200

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Number of rows : 200
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 SDSS J000015.17+004833.2 QSO 00 00 15.1760866776 +00 48 33.306387012           ~ 26 0
2 LBQS 2359-0216B QSO 00 01 49.9509602856 -01 59 39.455306448   18 18.0     ~ 107 0
3 QNQ J00025-2558 QSO 00 02 34.8491813328 -25 58 43.678453116   20.26       ~ 6 0
4 QSO J0003-2603 QSO 00 03 22.9531962024 -26 03 18.304471908   18 17.53     ~ 291 0
5 QSO J0008-0958 QSO 00 08 15.3304880496 -09 58 54.444822024   19.21 18.75     ~ 42 0
6 LBQS 0010-0012 QSO 00 13 06.1519752552 +00 04 31.948605732   19.29 19.05     ~ 101 0
7 LBQS 0013-0029 QSO 00 16 02.4050159808 -00 12 25.077257064   18.67 18.36     ~ 194 0
8 QSO B0027-1836 QSO 00 30 23.6259434280 -18 19 56.117225244   18.2 17.9     ~ 53 0
9 SK 13 s*b 00 47 12.2164410744 -73 06 33.111710784   12.52 12.48     B2.5Ia 71 0
10 BBB SMC 266 s*b 00 47 50.0484011088 -73 08 21.054056928   12.35 12.55 12.36   O6I(f) 69 0
11 AzV 47 * 00 48 51.4911440520 -73 25 58.537753356 12.263 13.314 13.496   14.00 O8III 35 0
12 AzV 80 * 00 50 43.8139294080 -72 47 41.547243120 12.22 13.24 13.376   13.59 O4-6n(f)p 31 0
13 AzV 95 * 00 51 21.6002057448 -72 44 14.875230300 12.67 13.64 13.83   13.95 O7III((f)) 40 0
14 AzV 104 s*b 00 51 38.4279675528 -72 48 06.081643404 12.053 13.064 13.226   13.57 B0.5Ia 33 0
15 NAME SMC G 00 52 38.0 -72 48 01   2.79 2.2     ~ 11178 1
16 QSO J0058+0115 QSO 00 58 14.3242475568 +01 15 30.229475976   18.39 18.09     ~ 49 0
17 AzV 207 * 00 58 33.1896798552 -71 55 46.721984016 12.99 14.13 14.35   14.58 O7Vz((f)) 36 0
18 AzV 216 EB* 00 58 59.1397025928 -72 44 34.125224352 13.11 14.15 14.32 14.49 14.56 B0IIw 38 0
19 HD 5980 WR* 00 59 26.5838833944 -72 09 53.927337312   11.13 11.31   11.029 WN4+O7I: 393 1
20 AzV 238 ** 00 59 55.5078343032 -72 13 37.781342400   13.55 13.77     O9III 33 0
21 RMC 18 s*b 01 00 06.8830919184 -72 13 57.371461032   11.7 11.5     B1Ia 66 0
22 QSO B0058-292 QSO 01 01 04.6496114136 -28 58 01.682742576     18.7     ~ 44 0
23 AzV 321 * 01 02 57.0821742960 -72 08 09.112126884 12.49 13.66 13.82   14.10 O9.5Ib 27 0
24 RMC 28 s*b 01 03 10.5480205584 -72 02 14.335031256 11.833 12.924 13.086   13.60 O9.7I 41 0
25 PHL 957 QSO 01 03 11.2741573824 +13 16 17.809871484   16.97 16.57     ~ 345 0
26 RMC 31 WR* 01 03 25.2272050176 -72 06 43.857668340   12.11 12.30     WN3:h+O5.5V+O5.5If+O7.5V 114 0
27 SK 116 s*b 01 04 55.7398901040 -72 46 48.146591280 11.413 12.494 12.646     O9Iabw 35 0
28 QSO J0105-1846 QSO 01 05 16.7912097864 -18 46 41.986634736     18.3     ~ 78 0
29 AzV 388 * 01 05 39.5306276568 -72 29 26.938329540 12.79 13.86 14.12   14.37 O5V 42 0
30 4C -01.06 QSO 01 08 26.8423531848 -00 37 24.164003640   18.11 17.82     ~ 136 1
31 SK 143 * 01 10 55.7567270880 -72 42 56.223094032 12.15 12.98 12.89 12.78 11.64 O9.7Ib 80 0
32 LAMOST J011134.72+064119.1 QSO 01 11 34.7243817360 +06 41 19.228032672           ~ 3 0
33 Dachs SMC 3-10 EB* 01 13 42.4497160176 -73 17 29.516706528 12.49 13.54 13.48 13.72 13.54 O2-3V+companion 31 0
34 QSO B0142-100A LeQ 01 45 17.3 -09 45 12     16.9     ~ 39 1
35 6C 014940+333547 QSO 01 52 34.5766588080 +33 50 33.159720264   18.5 18.5     ~ 126 1
36 7C 020156.39+363507.00 QSO 02 04 55.5959081688 +36 49 17.992097868     18.1     ~ 123 1
37 QSO B0216+0803 QSO 02 18 57.3582544488 +08 17 27.346030260     18.1     ~ 93 0
38 QSO J0225+0054 QSO 02 25 54.8563961016 +00 54 51.953062608   19.18 18.92     ~ 38 0
39 HD 18100 bC? 02 53 40.8050199600 -26 09 20.428125408   8.23 8.44     B5II/III 100 0
40 QSO B0253+0058 QSO 02 56 07.2504632664 +01 10 38.606304864   19.58 19.11     ~ 67 0
41 NAME Magellanic Clouds GrG 03 00 -71.0           ~ 7084 0
42 QSO J0304-2211 QSO 03 04 49.8652311288 -22 11 51.882127548   16.43 16.40     ~ 110 0
43 * omi Per ** 03 44 19.13204 +32 17 17.6929 3.13 3.88 3.83 3.71 3.71 B1III 605 0
44 QSO B0347-383 QSO 03 49 43.6603590912 -38 10 30.825444900     17.3     ~ 191 0
45 V* X Per HXB 03 55 23.0777456088 +31 02 45.039836148 6.090 6.840 6.720     O9.5III 979 0
46 * eps Per bC* 03 57 51.2320472 +40 00 36.775143 1.71 2.71 2.89 2.96 3.14 B0.5III 519 0
47 * ksi Per ** 03 58 57.9024302099 +35 47 27.709515737 3.190 4.080 4.060 3.88 3.89 O7.5III(n)((f)) 832 0
48 QSO J0407-4410 QSO 04 07 18.0880236912 -44 10 13.983623724   17.6 17.6     ~ 99 0
49 * 62 Tau * 04 23 59.7627483096 +24 18 03.527065188 6.18 6.499 6.337     B3V 218 0
50 GRB 121024A gB 04 41 53.31 -12 17 26.1           ~ 121 0
51 HD 270754 s*b 04 47 04.4509965192 -67 06 53.121123648 10.351 11.219 11.26   10.992 B1.5Ia 75 0
52 HD 268605 s*b 04 50 18.9258130824 -67 39 38.036838240 10.244 11.2 11.377   11.322 O9.5/B0Ia 86 0
53 QSO B0449-1645 QSO 04 52 14.2529886192 -16 40 16.386415284   18.0 17.0 17.8   ~ 45 1
54 HD 268685 s*b 04 54 31.8862673064 -67 15 24.584925456 10.616 11.376 11.541   11.599 B1.5Ia 43 0
55 SK -66 19 * 04 55 53.951 -66 24 59.35   14.98 14.87     O7V 24 0
56 PGMW 3120 * 04 56 46.7984540280 -66 24 46.862515368 11.700 12.496 12.466   12.464 O5.5V((f*)) 30 0
57 BI 42 Ro* 04 57 00.8846599752 -66 24 25.206714576 11.998 12.768 12.896 13.210 12.663 O8V 25 0
58 HD 268732 SB* 04 57 04.4395141656 -66 34 38.571040380 10.652 11.494 11.587     OB 47 0
59 4C -02.19 QSO 05 01 12.80988538 -01 59 14.2564557   19.1 18.06 19.04   ~ 586 1
60 HD 270952 WR* 05 01 23.0763876936 -65 52 33.206008764 10.944 11.871 12.07   12.187 O6Iaf+ 54 0
61 SK -68 26 s*b 05 01 32.2453117296 -68 10 42.937181508 10.822 11.728 11.85     BC2Ia 29 0
62 SK -70 79 * 05 06 37.2738884832 -70 29 24.192350448 11.703 12.704 12.766   12.723 OB 17 0
63 HD 269050 s*b 05 07 20.4218668824 -68 32 08.569322196 10.593 11.581 11.54 11.46 11.55 B0Ia(e?) 70 0
64 HE 0515-4414 QSO 05 17 07.6238702856 -44 10 55.579731312 14.74 15.49 15.16     ~ 116 0
65 HD 269357 * 05 18 59.4790204920 -69 12 54.801550908   11.89 12.10     O6Ib(f) 55 0
66 * 23 Ori SB* 05 22 50.0039865384 +03 32 40.051458204 3.99 4.86 5.00 5.05 5.23 B2IV/V 247 0
67 HD 269445 WR* 05 22 59.7855849168 -68 01 46.635948408 10.79 11.77 11.520 11.41 10.979 Ofpe/WN9 124 0
68 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 17478 0
69 SK -67 101 * 05 25 56.2422042240 -67 30 28.813234608   12.46 12.63     O8II((f)) 33 1
70 SK -67 105 SB* 05 26 06.1884853848 -67 10 56.784543384 11.785 12.27 12.42   11.661 OB 39 0
71 QSO B0528-2505 QSO 05 30 07.9627395840 -25 03 29.900044512   18.17 17.34 17.7   ~ 420 0
72 HD 269676 ** 05 31 15.634248 -71 04 09.90516 11.134 11.417 11.547 12.061 12.191 O6+O9: 82 0
73 HD 269687 WR* 05 31 25.5247745448 -69 05 38.556251700 10.86 11.78 11.87 12.05   WN11h 110 0
74 * del Ori A SB* 05 32 00.398192 -00 17 56.68527           O9.5II+B1V+B0IV 30 0
75 SK -67 191 * 05 33 34.0158776232 -67 30 19.741489992 12.153 13.214 13.436   14.838 O8V 28 0
76 HD 269810 Em* 05 35 13.8977747136 -67 33 27.542449260   12.08 12.22 12.53   O3III(f*) 106 0
77 * tet01 Ori C SB* 05 35 16.4662967280 -05 23 22.921811880 4.20 5.15 5.13 4.91 4.73 O7Vp 1406 1
78 * iot Ori SB* 05 35 25.9819073 -05 54 35.643537 1.45 2.53 2.77     O9IIIvar 773 0
79 * eps Ori s*b 05 36 12.81335 -01 12 06.9089 0.48 1.51 1.69 1.76 1.93 B0Ia 896 0
80 W61 27-56 * 05 36 26.7746241720 -68 57 32.036561136 11.973 12.864 12.836   11.827 OB 23 0
81 SK -66 172 * 05 37 05.3893162560 -66 21 34.989059484   13.01 13.1     OB 41 0
82 HD 269896 s*b 05 37 49.1356176384 -68 55 01.639049016 11.338 9.493 11.449 11.49   ON9.7Ia+ 86 0
83 HD 38282 WR* 05 38 53.3783458680 -69 02 00.895545204   10.98 11.11 11.26   WN5/6h+WN6/7h 170 1
84 SK -68 140 Em* 05 38 57.1713887928 -68 56 53.151615708   12.81 12.71 12.89   B0.7Ib-IabNwk 37 0
85 SK -71 50 * 05 40 43.1738709600 -71 29 00.676536072 12.479 13.142 13.445   13.537 OB 15 0
86 * zet Ori A SB* 05 40 45.527143 -01 56 33.26036   1.79 1.90     O9.2IbvarNwk 666 0
87 SK -69 279 Em* 05 41 44.6553703752 -69 35 14.905767516 12.079 12.787 12.842 13.03 12.619 OB 53 0
88 SK -68 155 * 05 42 54.9424084824 -68 56 54.480574752   12.75 12.72     OB 22 0
89 * mu. Col V* 05 45 59.8950238944 -32 18 23.162261796 3.84 4.90 5.18 5.30 5.57 O9.5V 495 0
90 HD 270145 s*b 05 48 49.6513961040 -70 03 57.837376476 10.903 12.110 12.166     O6.5Iaf 48 1
91 QSO B0551-36 QSO 05 52 46.1824785360 -36 37 27.608212524   17.72 17.57     ~ 97 0
92 QSO B0642-5038 QSO 06 43 27.0080170248 -50 41 12.811001244     18.5     ~ 46 0
93 * tau CMa SB* 07 18 42.4849951654 -24 57 15.700749738 3.26 4.25 4.40 4.44 4.62 O9II 422 0
94 HD 62542 * 07 42 37.2147724128 -42 13 47.831717064   8.21 8.03     B3V 152 0
95 * zet Pup BY* 08 03 35.04754 -40 00 11.3321 0.89 1.98 2.25 2.36 2.58 O4I(n)fp 1156 1
96 QSO J0812+32 QSO 08 12 40.6859242632 +32 08 08.579336496   18.16 17.75     ~ 101 0
97 HD 73882 EB* 08 39 09.53412 -40 25 09.2608 7.07 7.59 7.19 6.67 6.30 O8.5IV 245 2
98 QSO B0841+129 BLL 08 44 24.2445546984 +12 45 46.526286780   18.28 18.5     ~ 119 0
99 QSO J0918+1636 QSO 09 18 26.1655113600 +16 36 09.045201564   21.19 20.58     ~ 51 0
100 2MASS J09275978+1543217 QSO 09 27 59.7856188696 +15 43 21.835903620   19.64 19.29     ~ 23 0
101 QSO B0933+733 QSO 09 37 48.8931145824 +73 01 58.080158076     17.3     ~ 56 0
102 GRB 141109A gB 09 38 07.40 -00 36 28.6           ~ 56 0
103 US 796 QSO 09 38 57.0175740480 +41 28 21.216772452   16.94 16.75     ~ 138 1
104 NVSS J095135+430648 Rad 09 51 35.7 +43 06 48           ~ 5 1
105 2QZ J101018.2+000350 QSO 10 10 18.1897291872 +00 03 51.281497008   18.80 18.54     ~ 48 0
106 QSO B1013+0035 QSO 10 15 49.0046761680 +00 20 20.010036984   22.25 20.79     ~ 71 0
107 QSO J1039-2719 QSO 10 39 21.8517992640 -27 19 16.435341732     17.4     ~ 91 0
108 QSO J1049-0110 QSO 10 49 15.4370453448 -01 10 38.189586468   18.34 18.13     ~ 41 0
109 QSO J1056+1208 QSO 10 56 48.6883114584 +12 08 26.830114620   18.73 18.40     ~ 34 0
110 QSO B1104-181 QSO 11 06 33.3845199936 -18 21 23.829049296   15.8 15.9 15.7   ~ 328 1
111 QSO J1107+0048 QSO 11 07 29.0354645832 +00 48 11.289550860   17.89 17.54     ~ 58 0
112 QSO J1113-1533 QSO 11 13 50.6122921416 -15 33 34.005990672   18.7 18.7     ~ 38 0
113 QSO B1113+4134A QSO 11 16 11.7332268768 +41 18 21.543299640   19.05 18.65     ~ 46 1
114 QSO B1117-1329 QSO 11 20 10.3163354592 -13 46 25.946998500     18.00     ~ 56 0
115 SDSS J113520.39-001053.5 QSO 11 35 20.3944527984 -00 10 53.572769436   19.36       ~ 49 0
116 QSO J1137+3907 QSO 11 37 09.5044356960 +39 07 23.411978616   18.34 17.99     ~ 43 0
117 SDSS J114244.90+070103.1 QSO 11 42 44.9098780968 +07 01 03.118247364   19.28 19.04     ~ 27 0
118 QSO J1155+0530 QSO 11 55 38.6022229320 +05 30 50.687047944   19.57 18.78     ~ 57 0
119 QSO B1157+014 QSO 11 59 44.8278142392 +01 12 06.985999764   17.87 17.52     ~ 222 1
120 QSO J1200+4015 QSO 12 00 39.8150742264 +40 15 56.156311692   19.48 18.93     ~ 39 0
121 QSO B1209+0919 QSO 12 11 34.9526605296 +09 02 20.852132964   19.61 19.15     ~ 104 0
122 SDSS J121143.42+083349.7 QSO 12 11 43.4240637120 +08 33 49.673450196           ~ 22 0
123 LBQS 1210+1731 QSO 12 13 03.0135468360 +17 14 23.237180160   18.21 18.03     ~ 87 0
124 QSO J1217+3305 Bla 12 17 32.5421411376 +33 05 38.030803980     17.5 17.7   ~ 119 1
125 LBQS 1223+1753 QSO 12 26 07.1946195816 +17 36 49.921603812   18.93 18.59     ~ 113 0
126 LBQS 1232+0815 QSO 12 34 37.5514444464 +07 58 43.367750796     18.4     ~ 125 0
127 SDSS J123714.60+064759.5 QSO 12 37 14.6105371632 +06 47 59.612187624   19.66 19.15     ~ 60 0
128 QSO J1240+1455 QSO 12 40 20.9116339536 +14 55 35.634530316   20.15 19.57     ~ 46 0
129 HD 110432 HXB 12 42 50.2663572384 -63 03 31.052981412 4.79 5.58 5.31     B0.5IVpe 311 0
130 LBQS 1246-0217 QSO 12 49 24.8605898856 -02 33 39.728151576   18.26 18.02     ~ 66 0
131 QSO J1253-0228 QSO 12 53 36.3528737088 -02 28 07.744660284     18.80     ~ 41 0
132 HD 112244 s*b 12 55 57.1336250856 -56 50 08.900570292 4.49 5.33 5.32 5.21 5.21 O8.5Iab(f)p 207 0
133 * tet Mus WR* 13 08 07.1531705448 -65 18 21.679426548 4.71 5.50 5.53 5.44 5.40 WC5+B0III 318 0
134 QSO J1310+5424 QSO 13 10 40.2430628232 +54 24 49.490455752   19.16 18.79     ~ 40 0
135 HD 116852 * 13 30 23.5185791544 -78 51 20.547734652 8.29 8.38 8.47     O8.5II-III((f)) 151 1
136 3C 286 Sy1 13 31 08.2883506368 +30 30 32.960091564   17.51 17.25     ~ 4351 2
137 QSO J1313+1441 QSO 13 31 41.226 +14 41 41.66           ~ 7 0
138 QSO B1331+170 Bla 13 33 35.7827544072 +16 49 04.013500728   16.84 16.71 16.41   ~ 454 0
139 7C 1354+2552 QSO 13 57 06.5354509152 +25 37 24.494694024   19.13 18.93     ~ 100 1
140 GRB 140311A gB 13 57 13.29 +00 38 31.7           ~ 70 0
141 QSO B1409+0930 QSO 14 12 17.2929417480 +09 16 24.707943048     18.6     ~ 63 0
142 QSO J1417+4132 QSO 14 17 19.2304173912 +41 32 37.019203404   19.14 18.85     ~ 41 0
143 QSO B1425+606 QSO 14 26 56.1849081360 +60 25 50.813373324   16.82 16.54     ~ 144 0
144 ICRF J143120.5+395241 Sy1 14 31 20.5383652728 +39 52 41.529989568   16.97 16.65 16.07   ~ 79 1
145 LBQS 1444+0126 QSO 14 46 53.0501441856 +01 13 55.924449276   18.71 18.38     ~ 73 0
146 QSO B1451+123 QSO 14 54 18.5811696336 +12 10 53.897535696     18.6     ~ 86 0
147 SDSS J145435.18+094100.0 QSO 14 54 35.1847433736 +09 41 00.035703744   19.25 18.99     ~ 25 0
148 HD 135348 * 15 16 10.4605414776 -43 29 05.987564700 5.26 5.899 6.034     B2/3IV 50 0
149 * del Lup bC* 15 21 22.3138254072 -40 38 51.109328940 2.12 2.995 3.190     B1.5IV 220 0
150 * phi02 Lup * 15 23 09.3506362429 -36 51 30.557900083 3.77 4.39 4.54 4.60 4.74 B4V 132 0
151 QSO J1541+3153 QSO 15 41 53.4694925040 +31 53 29.397182856   18.21 17.93     ~ 43 0
152 * b Sco * 15 50 58.7444628720 -25 45 04.658676984 3.84 4.552 4.635     B1.5Vn 291 0
153 [VV2006] J155233.9+491008 QSO 15 52 33.8877845928 +49 10 08.244417396   18.53 18.25     ~ 30 0
154 * pi. Sco SB* 15 58 51.1132378 -26 06 50.788602 1.82 2.71 2.91 3.00 3.20 B1V+B2:V: 397 0
155 QSO J1604+3951 QSO 16 04 13.9798326192 +39 51 21.887640756   19.34 18.67     ~ 47 0
156 * bet01 Sco bC* 16 05 26.2319826 -19 48 19.630018 1.68 2.55 2.62 2.60 2.69 B1V 561 0
157 QSO J1610+4724 QSO 16 10 09.4242526872 +47 24 44.480114820   19.72 19.22     ~ 45 0
158 QSO J1623+0718 QSO 16 23 46.2295069416 +07 18 54.888794784   18.14 17.88     ~ 34 0
159 * rho Oph A * 16 25 35.1185711280 -23 26 49.831640736 4.3 5.22 5.05     B1V 417 0
160 * chi Oph Be* 16 27 01.4355697915 -18 27 22.499961252 3.95 4.71 4.43 3.97 3.73 B2Vne 598 0
161 GRB 120327A gB 16 27 27.49 -29 24 53.8           ~ 96 0
162 HD 149404 s*b 16 36 22.5628499784 -42 51 31.902127776 5.23 5.88 5.52 6.90   O8.5Iab(f)p 249 1
163 V* V600 Her Ce* 16 36 58.2040305408 +14 28 30.910523016 5.87 6.845 7.028     B0.5III 159 0
164 * zet Oph Be* 16 37 09.5400587698 -10 34 01.509742704 1.73 2.58 2.56 2.46 2.50 O9.2IVnn 1840 0
165 HD 154368 s*b 17 06 28.3687759224 -35 27 03.760593156 6.10 6.63 6.13 7.12   O9.5Iab 294 0
166 QSO J1727+5302 QSO 17 27 39.0275674728 +53 02 29.280756336   18.72 18.42     ~ 54 0
167 * lam Sco bC* 17 33 36.52012 -37 06 13.7648 0.52 1.49 1.63     B2IV+DA7.9 391 0
168 7C 1755+5749 QSO 17 56 03.6270838728 +57 48 47.989106532     18.00 18.4   ~ 56 1
169 HD 164402 s*b 18 01 54.3809958600 -22 46 49.059228432 4.88 5.77 5.77 5.74 5.69 B0Iab/b 173 0
170 GRB 120815A gB 18 15 54.40 -52 07 29.0           ~ 86 0
171 * kap Aql * 19 36 53.4488871022 -07 01 38.924816492 4.050 4.930 4.960 4.90 4.94 B0.5IIIn 341 0
172 HD 188439 Pu* 19 53 01.2463552968 +47 48 27.793662768 5.24 6.147 6.279     B0.5IIIn 104 1
173 GRB 150403A gB 20 46 01.17 -62 42 40.1           ~ 87 0
174 Fermi bn120716712 gB 20 52 12.17 +09 35 53.9           ~ 63 0
175 HD 199579 Y*O 20 56 34.7779063080 +44 55 29.000891928 5.16 6.01 5.96     O6.5V((f))z 365 0
176 QSO J2059-0528 QSO 20 59 22.4274372096 -05 28 42.778157700   19.51 19.27     ~ 38 0
177 QSO J2100-0641 QSO 21 00 25.0301694552 -06 41 45.968177220   19.02 18.54     ~ 56 0
178 QSO J2119-3536 QSO 21 19 27.6059083752 -35 37 40.547708544   17.50 17.35     ~ 44 0
179 HD 206267 SB* 21 38 57.6195772032 +57 29 20.554016280 5.09 5.83 5.62   5.56 O6.0V((f))+O9:V 499 0
180 LBQS 2138-4427 QSO 21 41 59.5007724552 -44 13 25.930211268   19.17 18.20     ~ 68 1
181 QSO J2155+1358 QSO 21 55 02.0017063296 +13 58 25.712205816     18.00     ~ 48 0
182 LBQS 2206-1958A QSO 22 08 52.0729138920 -19 43 59.866776948   17.49 17.33     ~ 219 0
183 QSO B2206-1959 QSO 22 09 00.6950774976 -19 44 19.743416484     18.65     ~ 83 0
184 GRB 151021A gB 22 30 34.43 -33 11 50.4           ~ 54 0
185 QSO B2228-399 QSO 22 31 35.3063849208 -39 38 54.315382236     18.3     ~ 22 0
186 LBQS 2230+0232 QSO 22 32 35.2154152488 +02 47 55.814764596   18.387 18.038     ~ 96 0
187 LBQS 2230-0015 QSO 22 34 08.9971751592 +00 00 01.703853180   18.09 17.39 17.3   ~ 138 0
188 HD 215733 s*b 22 47 02.5068538440 +17 13 58.983960504 6.37 7.21 7.34     B1Ib 124 0
189 QSO J2246-6015 QSO 22 47 08.9258659440 -60 15 45.299400480           ~ 71 0
190 QSO B2314-409 QSO 23 16 46.91990359 -40 41 21.0863175   17.9 17.9     ~ 71 1
191 QSO B2318-1107 QSO 23 21 28.6902031608 -10 51 22.515901344           ~ 19 0
192 QSO J2328+0022 QSO 23 28 20.3832928800 +00 22 38.176896792   18.39 18.06     ~ 67 0
193 Fermi bn090926181 gB 23 33 36.18 -66 19 25.9           ~ 305 0
194 QSO B2332-094 QSO 23 34 46.4045250120 -09 08 12.250650732   19.21 18.62 18.07   ~ 86 0
195 QSO J2340-0053 QSO 23 40 23.6700032496 -00 53 27.001299696   18.26 17.93     ~ 103 0
196 QSO J2344+0342 QSO 23 44 03.1101598920 +03 42 26.725817304     18.20     ~ 49 0
197 QSO B2343+125 QSO 23 46 28.200 +12 49 00.00     17.5     ~ 137 2
198 QSO B2344+125 QSO 23 46 32.80 +12 45 40.0     17.0     ~ 85 1
199 QSO J2358-1020 QSO 23 58 10.88239662 -10 20 08.6114174   19.16 18.91 18.00   ~ 154 0
200 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 8415 0

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