Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 668A, 66 (2022/12-1)
Magnetically arrested accretion disks launching structured jets in application to GRB and AGN engines.
JANIUK A. and JAMES B.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. We explore the formation, energetics, and geometry of relativistic jets along with the variability of their central engine. We study both fast and slowly rotating black holes and address our simulations to active galaxy centers as well as gamma ray burst engines. Aims. The structured jets are postulated to account for emission properties of high energy sources across the mass scale, launched from stellar mass black holes in gamma ray bursts (GRBs) and from supermassive black holes in active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Their active cores contain magnetized accretion disks and the rotation of the Kerr black hole provides a mechanism for launching relativistic jets. This process works most effectively if the mode of accretion turns out to be magnetically arrested. In this mode, the modulation of jets launched from the engine is related to internal instabilities in the accretion flow that operate on smallest time and spatial scales. As these scales are related to the light-crossing time and the black hole gravitational radius, the universal model of jet-disk connection is expected to scale with the mass of the black hole. Methods. We investigated the jet-disk connection by means of 3D general relativistic magneto-hydrodynamical simulations of the magnetically arrested disk accretion in Kerr geometry. We also quantified the variability of the disk by means of a Fourier analysis. Results. We found that the system evolution is governed by the physical parameters of the engine, such as the black hole spin and disk size, as well as disk magnetization, and we applied our scenarios to typical types of sources in AGN and GRB classes. We found that the magnetically arrested disk (MAD) scenario is applicable to AGN engines and supports persistent jet emissions. It can also be applied to GRBs, as it gives the variability pattern roughly consistent with observations. However, in some cases, strong magnetic fields may lead to jet quenching, and this effect is found to be important mainly for GRB jets. We speculate that it may be related to the strength of magnetically driven winds from the GRB engines.