2023A&A...671A..13B


Query : 2023A&A...671A..13B

2023A&A...671A..13B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 671A, 13 (2023/3-1)

Massive pre-main-sequence stars in M17 Modelling hydrogen and dust in MYSO disks.

BACKS F., POORTA J., RAB C., DERKINK A.R., DE KOTER A., KAPER L., RAMIREZ-TANNUS M.C. and KAMP I.

Abstract (from CDS):

Context. The young massive-star-forming region M17 contains optically visible massive pre-main-sequence stars that are surrounded by circumstellar disks. Such disks are expected to disappear when these stars enter the main sequence. The physical and dynamical structure of these remnant disks are poorly constrained, especially the inner regions where accretion, photo-evaporation, and companion formation and migration may be ongoing.
Aims. We aim to constrain the physical properties of the inner parts of the circumstellar disks of massive young stellar objects B243 (6 M) and B331 (12 M), two systems for which the central star has been detected and characterized previously despite strong dust extinction.
Methods. Two-dimensional radiation thermo-chemical modelling with PRODIMO of double-peaked hydrogen lines of the Paschen and Brackett series observed with X-shooter was used to probe the properties of the inner disk of the target sources. The model was modified to treat these lines. Additionally, the dust structure was studied by fitting the optical and near-infrared spectral energy distribution.
Results. B243 features a hot gaseous inner disk with dust at the sublimation radius at ∼3 AU. The disk appears truncated at roughly 6.5 AU; a cool outer disk of gas and dust may be present, but it cannot be detected with our data. B331 also has a hot gaseous inner disk. A gap separates the inner disk from a colder dusty outer disk starting at up to ∼100 AU. In both sources the inner disk extends to almost the stellar surface. Chemistry is essential for the ionization of hydrogen in these disks.
Conclusions. The lack of a gap between the central objects and these disks suggests that they accrete through boundary-layer accretion. This would exclude the stars having a strong magnetic field. Their structures suggest that both disks are transitional in nature, that is to say they are in the process of being cleared, either through boundary-layer accretion, photo-evaporation, or through companion activity.

Abstract Copyright: © The Authors 2023

Journal keyword(s): circumstellar matter - stars: massive - stars: pre-main sequence - stars: formation

Simbad objects: 13

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Number of rows : 13
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 NGC 2021 As* 05 33 30.170 -67 27 18.31     12.06     ~ 26 0
2 [BCB89] IRS 2 Y*O 05 41 45.81 -01 54 29.8           B 101 0
3 Cl* NGC 6618 B 337 * 18 20 21.43 -16 10 41.2           ~ 16 0
4 Cl* NGC 6618 B 331 * 18 20 21.6385852800 -16 11 17.906098776           B0V 21 0
5 2MASS J18202439-1608434 Y*O 18 20 24.3865813896 -16 08 43.368235944 17.69 16.97 15.55     O9.7V 30 0
6 Cl* NGC 6618 B 275 * 18 20 25.17 -16 10 26.7     15.6     B2V 24 0
7 Cl* NGC 6618 B 268 * 18 20 25.41 -16 10 19.2   18.4 17.1     B2 20 0
8 Cl* NGC 6618 B 243 * 18 20 26.70 -16 10 03.7   19.1 17.8     ~ 14 0
9 2MASS J18202866-1612115 Y*O 18 20 28.6610171784 -16 12 11.572986096           B0-B1V 15 0
10 2MASS J18203083-1610075 Y*O 18 20 30.8347326504 -16 10 07.525548156 17.44 16.85 15.41     O6V 26 0
11 2MASS J18203095-1610393 Y*O 18 20 30.954 -16 10 39.36           kA5 9 0
12 NGC 6618 337 Y*O 18 20 34.4905832784 -16 10 11.837880948 12.27 12.40 11.29     O4V(n)((fc)) 42 0
13 NGC 6618 OpC 18 20 47 -16 10.3           ~ 1615 0

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