Query : 2023A&A...671A..56K

2023A&A...671A..56K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 671A, 56 (2023/3-1)

ISM metallicity variations across spiral arms in disk galaxies The impact of local enrichment and gas migration in the presence of a radial metallicity gradient.


Abstract (from CDS):

Chemical abundance variations in the interstellar medium provide important information about the galactic evolution, star-formation, and enrichment histories. Recent observations of disk galaxies suggest that if large-scale azimuthal metallicity variations appear in the ISM, they are linked to the spiral arms. In this work, using a set of chemodynamical simulations of the Milky Way-like spiral galaxies, we quantify the impact of gas radial motions (migration) in the presence of a pre-existing radial metallicity gradient and the local ISM enrichment on both global and local variations of the mean ISM metallicity in the vicinity of the spiral arms. In all the models, we find the scatter of the gas metallicity of ≈0.04 - 0.06 dex at a given galactocentric distance. On large scales, we observe the presence of spiral-like metallicity patterns in the ISM which are more prominent in models with the radial metallicity gradient. However, in our simulations, the morphology of the large-scale ISM metallicity distributions significantly differs from the spiral arm structure in stellar and gas components resulting in both positive and negative residual (after subtraction of the radial gradient) metallicity trends along spiral arms. We discuss the correlations of the residual ISM metallicity values with the star formation rate, gas kinematics and offset to the spiral arms, concluding that the presence of a radial metallicity gradient is essential for the azimuthal variations of metallicity. At the same time, the local enrichment alone is unlikely to drive systematic variations of the metallicity across the spirals.

Abstract Copyright: © The Authors 2023

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: formation - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: spiral - galaxies: abundances

Simbad objects: 3

goto Full paper

goto View the references in ADS

Number of rows : 3
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 M 74 G 01 36 41.7451236624 +15 47 01.107512304 10.52 10.00 9.46 9.16   ~ 1741 1
2 NGC 1365 Sy1 03 33 36.458 -36 08 26.37 10.48 10.08 9.63 8.79 9.7 ~ 1808 2
3 M 101 GiP 14 03 12.583 +54 20 55.50   8.46 7.86 7.76   ~ 2919 2

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2023A&A...671A..56K and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu