Query : 2023A&A...671A.125F

2023A&A...671A.125F - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 671A, 125 (2023/3-1)

Constraining the turbulence and the dust disk in IM Lup: Onset of planetesimal formation.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. Observations of protoplanetary disks provide information about the processes of planetary formation and reasons behind the diversity of planetary systems. The key to understanding planetary formation is the study of dust evolution from small grains to pebbles. Smaller grains (∼1 µm) are well coupled to the gas dynamics and their distribution is significantly extended above the disk midplane. Larger grains settle much faster and are efficiently formed only in the midplane. By combining near-infrared polarized light and millimeter observations, it is possible to constrain the spatial distribution of both the small and large grains.
Aims. Our aim is to construct detailed models of the size distribution and the vertical and radial structure of the dust particles in protoplanetary disks based on observational data. In particular, we are interested in recovering the dust distribution in the IM Lup protoplanetary disk.
Methods. We created a physical model for the dust distribution of protoplanetary disks. We then simulated the radiative transfer of the millimeter continuum and the near-infrared polarized radiation. Using a Markov chain Monte Carlo method, we compared the derived images to the observations available for the IM Lup disk to constrain the best physical model for IM Lup and to recover the vertical grain size distribution.
Results. The millimeter and near-infrared emission tightly constrain the dust mass and grain size distribution of our model. We find size segregation in the dust distribution, with millimeter-sized grains in the disk midplane. These grains are efficiently formed in the disk, possibly by sedimentation-driven coagulation, in accordance with the short settling timescales predicted by our model. This also suggests a high dust-to-gas ratio at smaller radii in the midplane, possibly triggering streaming instabilities and planetesimal formation in the inner disk. We obtained a turbulent α parameter of 3 × 10–3.

Abstract Copyright: © The Authors 2023

Journal keyword(s): protoplanetary disks - methods: numerical - polarization - scattering - radiative transfer - radiation mechanisms: thermal

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 THA 15-12 Or* 15 56 09.2066646912 -37 56 06.126118692   13.12 11.93 11.45   M0e 422 0
2 NAME Lupus Complex SFR 16 03 -38.1           ~ 720 0
3 WRAY 15-1443 TT* 16 15 20.2341630672 -32 55 05.097631872 13.88 13.22 12.00 11.658 10.50 K5 89 0
4 HD 319139 SB* 18 14 10.4818675368 -32 47 34.516836060   11.47 10.68   9.11 K5+K7 359 0

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