2023A&A...671A.167L


Query : 2023A&A...671A.167L

2023A&A...671A.167L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 671A, 167 (2023/3-1)

Physical conditions for dust grain alignment in Class 0 protostellar cores I. Observations of dust polarization and molecular irradiation tracers.

LE GOUELLEC V.J.M., MAURY A.J. and HULL C.L.H.

Abstract (from CDS):

Context. High angular resolution observations of Class 0 protostars have produced detailed maps of the polarized dust emission in the envelopes of these young embedded objects. Interestingly, the improved sensitivity brought by ALMA has revealed wide dynamic ranges of polarization fractions, with specific locations harboring surprisingly large amounts of polarized dust emission.
Aims. Our aim is to characterize the grain alignment conditions and dust properties responsible for the observed polarized dust emission in the inner envelopes (≤1000 au) of Class 0 protostars.
Methods. We analyzed the polarized dust emission maps obtained with ALMA and compared them to molecular line emission maps of specific molecular tracers, mainly C2H, which allowed us to probe one of the key components in dust grain alignment theories: the irradiation field.
Results. We show that C2H peaks toward outflow cavity walls, where the polarized dust emission is also enhanced. Our analysis provides a tentative correlation between the morphology of the polarized intensity and C2H emission, suggesting that the radiation field impinging on the cavity walls favors both the grain alignment and the warm carbon chain chemistry in these regions. We propose that shocks happening along outflow cavity walls could potentially represent an additional source of photons contributing to dust grain alignment. However, some parts of the cores, such as the equatorial planes, exhibit enhanced polarized flux, although no radiation driven chemistry is observed, for example where radiative torques are theoretically not efficient enough. This suggests that additional physical conditions, such as source geometry and dust grain evolution, may play a role in grain alignment.
Conclusions. Comparing chemical processes with grain alignment physics opens a promising avenue to develop our understanding of the dust grain evolution (i.e., their origin, growth, and structure) in the interior of Class 0 protostars. The source geometry and evolution can represent important factors that set the environmental conditions of the inner envelope, determining whether the radiation field strength and spectrum can drive efficient dust grain alignment via radiative torques.

Abstract Copyright: © The Authors 2023

Journal keyword(s): ISM: jets and outflows - ISM: magnetic fields - polarization - stars: formation - stars: protostars - radiation mechanisms: thermal

Simbad objects: 15

goto Full paper

goto View the references in ADS

Number of rows : 15
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 IRAS 03222+3034 Y*O 03 25 22.32 +30 45 13.9           ~ 149 0
2 [JCC87] IRAS 4A2 Y*O 03 29 10.430 +31 13 32.08           ~ 122 1
3 [JCC87] IRAS 4A Y*O 03 29 10.49 +31 13 30.8           ~ 716 1
4 [JCC87] IRAS 4A1 Y*O 03 29 10.538 +31 13 30.93           ~ 109 1
5 NGC 1333 OpC 03 29 11.3 +31 18 36           ~ 1454 1
6 JCMTSE J033317.8+310932 cor 03 33 17.85 +31 09 31.9           ~ 114 0
7 NAME Orion Bright Bar reg 05 35 22.30 -05 24 33.0           ~ 878 0
8 NAME Horsehead Nebula DNe 05 40 59.0 -02 27 30           ~ 512 0
9 [B2001b] IRS 2 Y*O 12 01 33.86688 -65 08 44.9232           ~ 31 0
10 SH 2-68 N Y*O 18 29 48.09 +01 16 45.0           ~ 137 1
11 NAME Serpens Cloud SFR 18 29 49 +01 14.8           ~ 1103 2
12 2MASS J18294960+0117058 Y*O 18 29 49.602 +01 17 05.83           ~ 34 0
13 GCNM 23 Y*O 18 29 49.63 +01 15 21.9           ~ 273 2
14 IRAS 19345+0727 cor 19 37 00.7 +07 34 08           ~ 89 0
15 * alf Pav SB* 20 25 38.85705 -56 44 06.3230 1.03 1.791 1.918     B2IV 292 1

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2023A&A...671A.167L and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu