Astrophys. J., 795, 33 (2014/November-1)
The Lyα properties of faint galaxies at z ∼ 2-3 with systemic redshifts and velocity dispersions from Keck-MOSFIRE.
ERB D.K., STEIDEL C.C., TRAINOR R.F., BOGOSAVLJEVIC M., SHAPLEY A.E., NESTOR D.B., KULAS K.R., LAW D.R., STROM A.L., RUDIE G.C., REDDY N.A., PETTINI M., KONIDARIS N.P., MACE G., MATTHEWS K. and McLEAN I.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We study the Lyα profiles of 36 spectroscopically detected Lyα-emitters (LAEs) at z ∼ 2-3, using Keck MOSFIRE to measure systemic redshifts and velocity dispersions from rest-frame optical nebular emission lines. The sample has a median optical magnitude MUV~= -22 to MUV> -18.2, and ranges from Mdyn < 1.3 x 108 M☉ to Mdyn = 6.8 x 109 M☉, corresponding to rest-frame UV absolute magnitudes MUV≃ -22 to MUV> -18.2. Dynamical masses range from Mdyn< 1.3x108 M☉ to Mdyn= 6.8x109 M☉, with a median value of Mdyn= 6.3x108 M☉. Thirty of the 36 Lyα emission lines are redshifted with respect to the systemic velocity with at least 1σ significance, and the velocity offset with respect to systemic ΔvLyαis correlated with the R-band magnitude, MUV, and the velocity dispersion measured from nebular emission lines with >3σ significance: brighter galaxies with larger velocity dispersions tend to have larger values of ΔvLyα. We also make use of a comparison sample of 122 UV-color-selected R < 25.5 galaxies at z ∼ 2, all with Lyα emission and systemic redshifts measured from nebular emission lines. Using the combined LAE and comparison samples for a total of 158 individual galaxies, we find that ΔvLyα is anti-correlated with the Lyα equivalent width with 7σ significance. Our results are consistent with a scenario in which the Lyα profile is determined primarily by the properties of the gas near the systemic redshift; in such a scenario, the opacity to Lyα photons in lower mass galaxies may be reduced if large gaseous disks have not yet developed and if the gas is ionized by the harder spectrum of young, low metallicity stars.
galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - galaxies: high-redshift
Table 1: [ESS2003] Q1700-BNBNNN N=17 among (Nos 17-157).
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