Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 288, 282-292 (1994/8-1)
Multi-wavelength study of NGC 281 A.
HENNING T., MARTIN K., REIMANN H.-G., LAUNHARDT R., LEISAWITZ D. and ZINNECKER H.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a study of the molecular cloud NGC 281 A and the associated compact and young star cluster NGC 281 (AS 179). Optical photometry leads to a new distance of 3500 pc for the star cluster which is in good agreement with the kinematical distance of the adjacent molecular cloud NGC 281 A. The exciting star HD 5005 of the optical nebulosity is a Trapezium system with O6 III as photometric spectral type for the component HD 5005 AB. For the age of the star cluster we estimated a value of about 3.106 yr. The 12CO(2->1), 13CO(2->1), and 12CO(3->2) emission shows that the molecular cloud NGC 281 A consists of two cloud fragments. The western fragment is more compact and massive than the eastern fragment and contains an NH3 core. This core is associated with the IRAS source 00494+5617, an H2O maser, and 1.3 millimetre dust continuum radiation. Both cloud fragments contain altogether 22 IRAS point sources which mostly share the properties of young stellar objects. They have luminosities between 150 and 8800 L☉. The maxima of the 60 and 100 µm HIRES maps correspond to the maxima of the 12CO(3->2) emission. The NGC 281 A region shares many properties with the Orion Trapezium-BN/KL region the main differences being a larger separation between the cluster centroid and the new site of star formation as well as a lower mass and luminosity of the molecular cloud and the infrared cluster.
interstellar medium: individual objects: NGC 281A cloud - interstellar medium: clouds - stars: formation - dust - radio lines: ISM