Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 306, 489-500 (1996/2-2)
Chemical composition of metal-poor carbon stars in the halo.
KIPPER T., JORGENSEN U.G., KLOCHKOVA V.G. and PANCHUK V.E.
Abstract (from CDS):
In an attempt to increase the sample of metal-deficient late-type (i.e. cool) halo carbon stars analysed (only 3 such stars have previously been analysed spectroscopically), we obtained high-resolution visual spectra of 5 more candidates (and analysed in addition existing archive IR spectra for one of the stars) from the recent catalogue of Sleivyt e & Bartkevicius (1990), HD 25408 (C5,3J), HD 42272 (C5,4 CH), HD 59643 (C6,2CH), HD 189711 (C4,3 CH) and HD 197604 (C4,2 CH). From the spectra we have derived C/O ratios, N/C ratios, and metal abundances. If the oxygen abundance was fixed at logA(O)=7.4/8.3 (assuming that it follows the trend of oxygen overabundance relative to iron found in halo stars in general) we can furthermore derive [C/Fe] and [N/Fe]. New model atmospheres of metal-poor carbon stars were calculated with continuum opacity sources and molecular lines of CO, CN, C2, HCN, C2H2 and C3. Two of the stars, HD 25408 and HD 42272, turned out not to be CH stars. The other three stars, although late-type, showed the C/O and [Fe/H] ratios common in early-type CH stars. From the total sample of the six confirmed cool halo-CH stars now analysed, we find evidence that not all metal-poor low mass halo carbon stars can have formed due to mass transfer in binary systems, as is usually assumed. At least 3 of the stars, and possible more, are likely to have formed as intrinsic carbon stars, with some similarities to the carbon star population in the dwarf galaxies.
stars: abundances - stars: atmospheres - stars: carbon - stars: population II - Galaxy: halo
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