Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 326, 907-914 (1997/10-3)
The visible environment of polar ring galaxies.
BROCCA C., BETTONI D. and GALLETTA G.
Abstract (from CDS):
A statistical study of the environment around Polar Ring Galaxies is presented. Two kinds of search are performed: 1) a study of the concentration and diameters of all the objects surrounding the Polar Rings, within a search field 5 times the ring diameter. New magnitudes for polar ring galaxies are presented. 2) a search, in a wider field, for galaxies of similar size that may have encountered the polar ring host galaxy in a time of the order of 1Gyr. Differently from the results of similar searches in the fields of active galaxies, the environment of the Polar Ring Galaxies seems to be similar to that of normal galaxies. This result may give support to the models suggesting long times for formation and evolution of the rings. If the rings are old (and stable or in equilibrium), no traces of the past interaction are expected in their surroundings. In addition, the formation of massive polar rings, too big to derive from the ingestion of a present-day dwarf galaxy, may be easily placed in epochs with a higher number of gas-rich galaxies.