Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 328, 158-166 (1997/12-1)
A search for delta Scuti stars in northern open clusters. I. CCD photometry of NGC 7245, NGC 7062, NGC 7226 and NGC 7654.
VISKUM M., HERNANDEZ M.M., BELMONTE J.A. and FRANDSEN S.
Abstract (from CDS):
In an effort to test stellar structure and evolution models, analysis of oscillations in A and F stars in open clusters is carried out by the STACC network (Frandsen, 1992, Delta Scuti Star Newsletter, M. Berger (ed.), Wien, Austria, 5 , 12). In this paper we describe our effort to locate a suitable open cluster in the northern hemisphere for a future multi-site campaign. We present BV Johnson and time series CCD photometry of four poorly studied open clusters: NGC 7245, NGC 7062, NGC 7226 and NGC 7654. New improved colour-magnitude diagrams for these four northern hemisphere clusters, together with the results from the search for variable stars in the clusters are presented. The cluster reddening, distance and age are estimated from isochrone fitting. In the four clusters, we discovered a total of two δ Scuti stars, one eclipsing binary, one variable of unknown type and evidence for 3 potential variables all situated within the δ Scuti instability strip. We find that the fraction of δ Scuti stars in these four open clusters is much lower than among field stars and in other open clusters suggesting that some additional parameters control the pulsation, parameters that we do not understand at this moment.
open clusters - HR diagrams - stars: oscillations - stars: δ Scuti - stars: evolution
Table 2: Cl* NGC 7245 VHB NNN N=4 among N>493. Text: Cl* NGC 7062 VHB NNN N=2 among N>292. Text: Cl* NGC 7654 VHB NNN N=2 among N>501.
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