1998PASP..110..493O


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.05.17CEST03:42:39

1998PASP..110..493O - Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 110, 493-532 (1998/May-0)

The compact steep-spectrum and gigahertz peaked-spectrum radio sources.

O'DEA C.P.

Abstract (from CDS):

I review the radio to X-ray properties of gigahertz peaked-spectrum (GPS) and compact steep-spectrum (CSS) sources, the current hypotheses for their origin, and their use to constrain the evolution of powerful radio galaxies. The GPS and CSS sources are compact, powerful radio sources with well-defined peaks in their radio spectra (near 1 GHz in the GPS and near 100 MHz in the CSS). The GPS sources are entirely contained within the extent of the narrow-line region (≲1 kpc), while the CSS sources are contained entirely within the host galaxy (≲15 kpc). The peaks in the spectra are probably due to synchrotron self-absorption, though free-free absorption through an inhomogeneous screen may also play a role. The turnover frequency varies with linear size l as νm∝l–0.65, suggesting a simple physical relationship between these parameters. The radio morphologies are strikingly like those of the large-scale classical doubles, though some sources can have very distorted morphologies suggestive of interactions. Radio polarization tends to be low, and in some cases the Faraday rotation measures can be extremely large. The IR properties are consistent with stellar populations and active galactic nucleus (AGN) bolometric luminosity similar to that of the 3CR classical doubles. The optical host galaxy properties (absolute magnitude, Hubble diagram, evidence for interaction) are consistent with those of the 3CR classical doubles. CSS sources at all redshifts exhibit high surface brightness optical light (most likely emission-line gas) that is aligned with the radio axis. The optical emission-line properties suggest (1) interaction of the radio source with the emission-line gas and (2) the presence of dust toward the emission-line regions. X-ray observations of high-redshift GPS quasars and a couple of GPS galaxies suggest the presence of significant columns of gas toward the nuclei. Searches for cold gas in the host galaxies have revealed large amounts of molecular gas and smaller amounts of atomic gas in several sources, though probably not enough to confine the radio sources. The main competing models for the GPS and CSS sources are that (1) they are frustrated by interaction with dense gas in their environments and (2) they are young and evolving radio sources that will become large-scale sources. Combining the bright GPS and CSS samples with the 3CR results in a sample spanning a range in source size of 105 that can be used to study source evolution. The number density versus linear size relation is consistent with a picture in which the sources expand with constant velocity and the radio power drops with linear size l according to P∝l–0.5. This strong evolution suggests that at least some of the GPS and CSS sources evolve to become lower luminosity FR 1 radio sources. The GPS and CSS sources are important probes of their host galaxies and will provide critical clues to the origin and evolution of powerful radio sources.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Active - Galaxies: Jets - Galaxies: Quasars: General

CDS comments: Table 8 : object 2106-409 is QSO 2106-41.

Simbad objects: 91

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Number of rows : 91

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 Gopal 0019-000 G 00 22 25.52 -00 16 19.4           ~ 7 0
2 QSO B0023-263 BLL 00 25 49.1562959 -26 02 12.614458   20.30 19.5 18.084   ~ 146 1
3 ICRF J002914.2+345632 AGN 00 29 14.24246572 +34 56 32.2471186   20.2       ~ 122 1
4 QSO B0108+388 Bla 01 11 37.31680 +39 06 28.1039     22 22.000   ~ 243 1
5 4C 08.06 BLL 01 19 01.2742580 +08 29 54.704703   20.5       ~ 72 1
6 4C 31.04 rG 01 19 35.0033970 +32 10 50.058043   16 14.5     ~ 220 1
7 3C 43 QSO 01 29 59.7699511792 +23 38 20.043694669           ~ 191 0
8 3C 48 QSO 01 37 41.2995845985 +33 09 35.079126038   16.62 16.20     ~ 2585 2
9 3C 49 rG 01 41 09.10 +13 53 28.0   22.327 20.920 20.876   ~ 175 1
10 QSO B0153+744 BLL 01 57 34.9662542558 +74 42 43.219635727   16 16.0 16.7   ~ 200 1
11 7C 022118.10+273638.00 Sy1 02 24 12.2882485914 +27 50 11.569481672   19.502 18 18.263   ~ 205 1
12 4C 34.07 QSO 02 26 10.3332356 +34 21 30.287547   21.3       ~ 89 1
13 QSO B0237-2322 QSO 02 40 08.1742481040 -23 09 15.727160393   16.78 16.63     ~ 484 0
14 QSO B0248+430 QSO 02 51 34.53674204 +43 15 15.8291997     18.0 13.72   ~ 198 1
15 ICRF J031857.8+162832 AGN 03 18 57.8028254 +16 28 32.689683     22.0     ~ 191 1
16 QSO B0319+12 QSO 03 21 53.10350836 +12 21 13.9537265   19 19     ~ 124 1
17 3C 93.1 BLL 03 48 46.9076031514 +33 53 15.460411800   20.723   19.110   ~ 127 1
18 QSO B0407-65 QSO 04 08 20.37884 -65 45 09.0806     18.0     ~ 113 1
19 ICRF J041045.6+765645 AGN 04 10 45.6108324 +76 56 45.313088   21 22.0 21.200   ~ 150 1
20 QSO J0422-3844 BLL 04 22 14.7829518039 -38 44 52.824921025   17.70 16.92 16.3   ~ 192 1
21 PKS 0428+205 rG 04 31 03.7614907 +20 37 34.264207   22.174   19.085   ~ 173 1
22 2C 396 QSO 04 32 36.5025939 +41 38 28.449052     20.0     ~ 210 1
23 QSO J0459+0229 QSO 04 59 52.05066226 +02 29 31.1765607   18.2 19     ~ 157 1
24 ICRF J050321.1+020304 Sy2 05 03 21.1971480 +02 03 04.676648   22.500 21.350 20.682   ~ 180 1
25 ICRF J052109.8+163822 Sy1 05 21 09.88592749 +16 38 22.0517668   19.37 18.84 18.480   ~ 771 1
26 QSO B0528-2505 QSO 05 30 07.96279681 -25 03 29.8994010   18.17 17.34 17.7   ~ 406 0
27 ICRF J054236.1+495107 Sy1 05 42 36.13789843 +49 51 07.2337251   18.45 17.80 17.210   ~ 1314 1
28 7C 055201.39+394824.00 QSO 05 55 30.80561150 +39 48 49.1649664     18.0 17.5   ~ 477 2
29 QSO B0636+68 BLL 06 42 04.2571549109 +67 58 35.621670644     16.46 16.01   ~ 211 1
30 QSO B0646+600 QSO 06 50 31.2543062 +60 01 44.554767   18.9 18.6 19.65   ~ 108 1
31 QSO B0710+439 QSO 07 13 38.16412910 +43 49 17.2071530   20.7       ~ 233 0
32 7C 071105.79+353949.00 QSO 07 14 24.8173518143 +35 34 39.801232997     17 17.7   ~ 202 1
33 ICRF J074110.7+311200 Sy1 07 41 10.7032630079 +31 12 00.232776104   17.02 16.89 16.322   ~ 421 1
34 3C 186 QSO 07 44 17.4723761217 +37 53 17.249506697   17.5 18.14 17.2   ~ 288 1
35 QSO B0742+103 QSO 07 45 33.05952141 +10 11 12.6923363       23.72   ~ 180 1
36 4C -00.28 QSO 07 45 54.08232111 -00 44 17.5398546   18 17.1 16.69   ~ 178 1
37 3C 190 QSO 08 01 33.5526629491 +14 14 42.815302770   21.07 20.26 18.972   ~ 223 2
38 ICRF J094336.9-081930 LIN 09 43 36.9444590 -08 19 30.818298   19.401   18.100   ~ 112 2
39 3C 237.0 rG 10 08 00.0529 +07 30 16.830   21       ~ 175 0
40 3C 241 rG 10 21 54.59 +21 59 31.2   23.5       ~ 159 0
41 ICRF J103507.0+562846 Sy2 10 35 07.0400250 +56 28 46.795465   20.2 21.244 20.200   ~ 179 1
42 ICRF J112027.8+142054 G 11 20 27.80726 +14 20 54.9914   20 20.935 20.100   ~ 149 1
43 QSO J1130-1449 QSO 11 30 07.05259287 -14 49 27.3881476   17.17 16.90 16 16.97 ~ 643 1
44 3C 266 rG 11 45 43.4 +49 46 08   22       ~ 138 1
45 QSO B1143-245 QSO 11 46 08.1038916032 -24 47 32.896655354   17.97 18.0 17.20   ~ 116 1
46 ICRF J115421.7-350529 Sy1 11 54 21.7845240380 -35 05 29.081533088   18.81 17.84     ~ 119 1
47 4C 31.38 Sy2 11 56 18.7446774080 +31 28 04.674314160   19.33 18.96     ~ 127 1
48 3C 268.3 Sy1 12 06 24.70656 +64 13 36.8760   21.847 20.790 19.910   ~ 182 1
49 QSO B1225+368 QSO 12 27 58.7255449 +36 35 11.826886   21.5 21.5     ~ 121 0
50 QSO B1245-197 QSO 12 48 23.8980846 -19 59 18.588983   21.52 20.5     ~ 128 1
51 2E 2879 Sy1 12 52 26.3557117356 +56 34 19.567896586   18.42 18.11 17.660   ~ 275 2
52 PKS 1306-09 rG 13 08 39.1534073394 -09 50 32.402007205   20.767 20.500 18.439   ~ 71 1
53 4C 32.44 QSO 13 26 16.51232948 +31 54 09.5144454   21.367 19.822 18.882   ~ 159 1
54 3C 287 QSO 13 30 37.6950709913 +25 09 10.983254741   18.31 17.67     ~ 332 1
55 3C 286 Sy1 13 31 08.2885060664 +30 30 32.960825107   17.51 17.25     ~ 3866 2
56 ICRF J134733.3+121724 Sy2 13 47 33.36161542 +12 17 24.2402572   19.28 18.44 15.718   ~ 540 3
57 ICRF J140028.6+621038 Sy2 14 00 28.6484960 +62 10 38.588791   22.137 20.373 19.530   ~ 165 1
58 QSO B1404+286 BLL 14 07 00.3933203928 +28 27 14.695133019   16.13 15.35 10.29   ~ 699 2
59 NVSS J141604+344436 Rad 14 16 04.18623 +34 44 36.4281           ~ 89 1
60 3C 298.0 QSO 14 19 08.1804677481 +06 28 34.803573057   17.12 16.79     ~ 376 1
61 8C 1443+773 Sy2 14 43 14.0 +77 07 28   19   18.730   ~ 143 1
62 QSO B1445+101 QSO 14 45 16.46524525 +09 58 36.0728255   18.58 17.78     ~ 367 1
63 3C 305.1 rG 14 47 09.5 +76 56 22   21.37       ~ 92 1
64 ICRF J145907.5+714019 Sy1 14 59 07.5831170610 +71 40 19.867413302   17.24 16.78 17.2   ~ 460 1
65 3C 318.0 QSO 15 20 05.4779632581 +20 16 05.487892990   21.93 20.9     ~ 179 1
66 ICRF J152114.4+043021 AGN 15 21 14.4184382 +04 30 21.638316   18.2       ~ 93 1
67 4C 33.38 Bla 16 02 07.26346106 +33 26 53.0724368     23.0 23   ~ 118 1
68 ICRF J160913.3+264129 Sy2 16 09 13.32076181 +26 41 29.0362080   19       ~ 210 0
69 QSO B1614+051 QSO 16 16 37.55681502 +04 59 32.7367495   19.60 19.17 19.49   ~ 177 2
70 3C 343 Sy2 16 34 33.8067419 +62 45 35.895020   21.06 20.61     ~ 207 1
71 3C 343.1 Sy2 16 38 28.2249692 +62 34 44.313080   20.7 20.7     ~ 157 2
72 NGC 6328 QSO 17 23 41.02938963 -65 00 36.6113150   13.17 13.2 11.45 12.2 ~ 212 1
73 4C 39.56 Sy1 18 21 20.8982144196 +39 42 44.861498005   19.598   18.135   ~ 61 1
74 ICRF J183114.8+290710 Sy2 18 31 14.8601293 +29 07 10.294403   21.917 20.2 20.200   ~ 69 1
75 ICRF J193925.0-634245 Sy2 19 39 25.02671 -63 42 45.6255   18.87 18.37 17.64   ~ 1013 1
76 QSO B2000-330 QSO 20 03 24.1165865444 -32 51 45.138893091   18.83 18.4 17.11   ~ 255 1
77 PKS 2008-068 rG 20 11 14.21582849 -06 44 03.5554174     17.2     ~ 80 1
78 ICRF J202206.6+613658 Sy2 20 22 06.68174818 +61 36 58.8047862     19.5 17.58   ~ 304 1
79 QSO B2106-413 QSO 21 09 33.18859195 -41 10 20.6053191   20.20 21.0 20.41   ~ 102 1
80 QSO B2126-15 QSO 21 29 12.17589777 -15 38 41.0413097   17.61 17.3 17.3   ~ 473 1
81 ICRF J213032.8+050217 AG? 21 30 32.87739291 +05 02 17.4741657     23.4     ~ 150 1
82 QSO B2134+0028 QSO 21 36 38.5862648232 +00 41 54.210724774   17.30 17.08 17.02   ~ 531 2
83 ICRF J213750.0-204231 Sy1 21 37 50.007842 -20 42 31.67271   20.400 19.4 19.286   ~ 86 1
84 ICRF J215137.8+055212 Sy1 21 51 37.87549312 +05 52 12.9545524   23.700 22.050 20.850   ~ 107 1
85 4C 01.69 AGN 22 12 37.9731734 +01 52 51.189651     21.7     ~ 78 1
86 QSO J2225+2118 QSO 22 25 38.04713545 +21 18 06.4150549     18.19 17.65   ~ 158 1
87 3C 454.1 rG 22 50 32.90 +71 29 19.0   22       ~ 75 1
88 3C 454.0 QSO 22 51 34.7283285659 +18 48 40.085907101   18.52 18.4     ~ 213 2
89 3C 455.0 Sy2 22 55 03.9 +13 13 35   19.535 19.590 19.190   ~ 188 2
90 ICRF J234403.7+822640 Sy2 23 44 03.8395911444 +82 26 40.293016848   21.769 20.5 20.220   ~ 92 1
91 ICRF J235509.4+495008 BLL 23 55 09.45814510 +49 50 08.3395036   21.101   18.400   ~ 254 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.05.17-03:42:39

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