Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 352, 587-599 (1999/12-2)
2.4-197µm spectroscopy of OH/IR stars: the IR characteristics of circumstellar dust in O-rich environments.
SYLVESTER R.J., KEMPER F., BARLOW M.J., DE JONG T., WATERS L.B.F.M., TIELENS A.G.G.M. and OMONT A.
Abstract (from CDS):
Infrared spectra of a number of evolved O-rich stars have been obtained with the Short- and Long- Wavelength spectrometers on board the Infrared Space Observatory. The very broad wavelength coverage (2.4-197µm) obtained by combining observations made with the two spectrometers includes practically all of the flux emitted by the sources, and allows us to determine the emission and absorption features of the dense circumstellar dust shells. Agreement between the fluxes obtained by the two instruments is generally very good; the largest discrepancies are probably due to source variability. Our sample of oxygen-rich AGB stars exhibits a wealth of spectral features due to crystalline silicates and crystalline water ice in emission and absorption. In this study a qualitative overview of all features due to crystalline silicates and water ice in these high mass loss rate objects is presented. It seems that there is a certain onset value for the mass loss rate above which these features appear in the spectrum. Moreover, crystalline silicate emission features have been detected for the first time at wavelengths where the amorphous silicates are still in absorption, implying different spatial distributions for the two materials. A spherically symmetric and an axi-symmetric geometry are proposed.