1999AJ....118..488C


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.05.06CEST01:06:21

1999AJ....118..488C - Astron. J., 118, 488-508 (1999/July-0)

A Hubble Space Telescope survey for resolved companions of planetary nebula nuclei.

CIARDULLO R., BOND H.E., SIPIOR M.S., FULLTON L.K., ZHANG C.-Y. and SCHAEFER K.G.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report the results of a Hubble Space Telescope(6) ``snapshot'' survey aimed at finding resolved binary companions of the central stars of Galactic planetary nebulae (PNe). Using the the Wide Field and Planetary Camera and Wide Field Planetary Camera 2, we searched the fields of 113 PNe for stars whose close proximity to the central star suggests a physical association. In all, we find 10 binary nuclei that are very likely to be physically associated and another six that are possible binary associations. By correcting for interstellar extinction and placing the central stars' companions on the main sequence (or, in one case, on the white dwarf cooling curve), we derive distances to the objects, and thereby significantly increase the number of PNe with reliable distances. Comparison of our derived distances with those obtained from various statistical methods shows that all of the latter have systematically overestimated the distances, by factors ranging up to a factor of 2 or more. We show that this error is most likely due to the fact that the properties of our PNe with binary nuclei are systematically different from those of PNe used heretofore to calibrate statistical methods. Specifically, our PNe tend to have lower surface brightnesses at the same physical radius than the traditional calibration objects. This difference may arise from a selection effect: the PNe in our survey are typically nearby, old nebulae, whereas most of the objects that calibrate statistical techniques are low-latitude, high surface brightness, and more distant nebulae. As a result, the statistical methods that seem to work well with samples of distant PNe, for example, those in the Galactic bulge or external galaxies, may not be applicable to the more diverse population of local PNe. Our distance determinations could be improved with better knowledge of the metallicities of the individual nebulae and central stars, measurements of proper motions and radial velocities for additional candidate companions, and deeper HST images of several of our new binary nuclei.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: Planetary Nebulae: General - Stars: Binaries: Visual - Stars: Distances - Stars: AGB and Post-AGB

Simbad objects: 112

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Number of rows : 112

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 NGC 40 PN 00 13 01.0170260109 +72 31 19.032886305   11.63 11.46     [WC8] 594 2
2 PG 0057+155 HS* 00 59 56.6671977894 +15 44 13.737246975   12.02 12.32     sdB0.2VIIIpHe8 117 1
3 PN HDW 1 PN 01 07 07.6234276585 +73 33 23.445613129   16.308 16.439 16.452 16.482 DA 42 0
4 M 76 PN 01 42 19.6604707683 +51 34 31.553132974     17.48   17.69 DOZ 360 2
5 IC 1747 PN 01 57 35.6899343319 +63 19 18.443606097   15.8 15.4     [WC4] 254 2
6 V* V471 Per EB* 01 58 49.6642388419 +52 53 48.460982843   14.06 13.08     G2Ib 169 1
7 PN HFG 1 PN 03 03 47.0096103383 +64 54 35.516249865     14.56 13.99   ~ 99 0
8 IC 289 PN 03 10 19.3017174108 +61 19 00.913583325   16.8       ~ 147 1
9 NGC 1360 PN 03 33 14.6471964691 -25 52 17.981057073   10.95 11.16     sdO 272 0
10 PN IsWe 1 PN 03 49 05.9055783968 +50 00 14.895090065 15.71 16.374 16.523 16.576 16.644 DOZ 57 1
11 NGC 1501 PN 04 06 59.3919688584 +60 55 14.277444117   15.17 13.0     [WO4] 283 1
12 NGC 1514 PN 04 09 16.9857297577 +30 46 33.469936956   10.01 9.48     sdO+A0/3III 319 2
13 NGC 1535 PN 04 14 15.7689951134 -12 44 21.934169738   12.01 12.82     sdO3: 504 0
14 PN A66 7 PN 05 03 07.5326812460 -15 36 22.721664325 13.99 15.190 15.495 15.632 15.818 DAO.6 109 0
15 IC 418 PN 05 27 28.2060343141 -12 41 50.282659007   9.78 13.0     O7fp 1005 2
16 PN H 3-75 PN 05 40 44.9722709472 +12 21 22.518128674   14.8       ~ 53 0
17 NGC 2022 PN 05 42 06.1905641397 +09 05 10.584345578   14.9 14.2     [WC] 349 0
18 IC 2149 PN 05 56 23.9008985692 +46 06 17.206983220   11.21 11.35     O7.5 420 0
19 PN K 1-27 PN 05 57 02.1748480138 -75 40 22.475592752     16.04 16.27 16.41 sdOHe 80 0
20 PN PuWe 1 PN 06 19 33.9433415207 +55 36 43.907448608   15.291 15.545 15.662 15.792 DAO.5 79 1
21 PN A66 16 PN 06 43 55.4174016078 +61 47 24.660067022   18.517 18.714 18.733 18.686 ~ 42 0
22 NGC 2346 PN 07 09 22.5216571385 -00 48 23.611157830   11.76 11.58     A5V 557 0
23 NGC 2371 PN 07 25 34.6884571396 +29 29 26.430027683   14.48 13.5     Oe 353 0
24 PN A66 21 PN 07 29 02.7094421237 +13 14 48.589321539   15.67 15.99     DOZ 182 0
25 NGC 2392 PN 07 29 10.7669120392 +20 54 42.478515772     9.68     O6f 702 1
26 NGC 2440 PN 07 41 54.91 -18 12 29.7   18.9       ~ 631 2
27 NGC 2452 PN 07 47 26.2648363344 -27 20 06.826143423   17.9 12.20     [WO1] 248 0
28 PN A66 24 PN 07 51 37.5536609946 +03 00 21.157603641   16.97 17.18     ~ 99 0
29 PN ARO 121 PN 07 57 51.6174582613 +53 25 16.943530807   16.775 17.128 17.288 17.501 DQ 153 1
30 EGB 5 HS* 08 11 12.7659921835 +10 57 17.099261604     14.2     sdB 48 1
31 NGC 2610 PN 08 33 23.4240567451 -16 08 57.798671301   9.02   11.23   ~ 177 0
32 PN A66 28 PN 08 41 35.5552815608 +58 13 48.387801847   16.280 16.557 16.691 16.877 DAH: 52 0
33 PN A66 30 PN 08 46 53.4640384491 +17 52 46.368019418   14.23 14.30 13.47   [WC5] 386 0
34 PN K 2-15 HII 08 48 39.0560793425 -42 53 54.008936868   12.86 12.01 11.72 10.79 B0V 65 2
35 PN A66 31 PN 08 54 13.1638085795 +08 53 52.939398458   15.201 15.544 15.693 15.831 DAO 123 0
36 PN K 1-2 PN 08 57 45.9618160284 -28 57 36.577010750           ~ 111 1
37 IC 2448 PN 09 07 06.3186990004 -69 56 30.690171529   11.1 11.10     O(H)3III-V 225 0
38 NGC 2792 PN 09 12 26.561 -42 25 38.92     11.8     ~ 173 0
39 NGC 2867 PN 09 21 25.3833564294 -58 18 40.616684216   12.0 10.30     [WO2] 293 0
40 PN A66 33 PN 09 39 09.1416894235 -02 48 30.487554710   15.38 15.54     DAO 139 0
41 CD-56 2932 PN 09 43 25.61980 -57 16 55.6095   11.85 11.17 11.21   A2II 116 0
42 PN A66 34 PN 09 45 35.3372065958 -13 10 15.835669177   16.06 16.32     ~ 65 0
43 PN Lo 4 PN 10 05 45.7878014012 -44 21 33.523563573           sdO 128 1
44 NGC 3132 PN 10 07 01.7655812249 -40 26 11.138949314   10.14 10.01     A2V 374 1
45 NGC 3195 PN 10 09 20.910 -80 51 30.73           ~ 110 0
46 NGC 3242 PN 10 24 46.1335198512 -18 38 32.294434711   11.83 12.15     ~ 804 1
47 M 97 PN 11 14 47.7125021184 +55 01 08.485325068   15.414 15.777 15.960 16.194 ~ 333 1
48 PN K 1-22 PN 11 26 43.7671247699 -34 22 11.178770560     17.4     ~ 65 0
49 NGC 3918 PN 11 50 17.7723407998 -57 10 57.059135256   10.0 8.5     ~ 366 0
50 NGC 4361 PN 12 24 30.7509091298 -18 47 05.564628299   12.8 13.2     [WC] 385 1
51 IC 3568 PN 12 33 06.8549263326 +82 33 50.203860251   11.809 10.730 12.651   ~ 391 0
52 PN LoTr 5 PN 12 55 33.7461986779 +25 53 30.561300806   9.72 8.88     G5III-IV 199 0
53 PN Th 2-A PN 13 22 33.79 -63 21 01.3     15.00     ~ 84 0
54 PN Lo 8 PN 13 25 37.5031567435 -37 36 14.751713899     12.6     O(H)3Vz 44 0
55 NGC 5189 PN 13 33 32.8779118130 -65 58 27.038960234   14.1 14.5   14.35 [WO1] 300 2
56 NGC 5307 PN 13 51 03.322 -51 12 20.77   11.5 10     O3.5V 170 0
57 NGC 5315 PN 13 53 56.9609674528 -66 30 50.915454108   14.58 14.40     [WO4] 294 0
58 IC 4406 PN 14 22 26.1443764953 -44 09 02.205426646   11.5 10.90     ~ 269 0
59 NGC 5882 PN 15 16 49.9567882973 -45 38 58.610861335   11.9 10.9     ~ 268 0
60 HD 138403 PN 15 37 11.2073858949 -71 54 52.885863880   10.24 10.47 11.01   O8(f)ep 255 0
61 NGC 5979 PN 15 47 41.16 -61 13 05.6     12.10     wels 96 0
62 HD 141969 PN 15 56 01.6946071958 -66 09 09.229322144 12.37 10.75 10.95 10.88   BC0Ibe 205 0
63 NGC 6026 PN 16 01 21.1234274123 -34 32 35.785457519   13.2 12.50     O7 105 0
64 NGC 6058 PN 16 04 26.5482156541 +40 40 58.948952322     13.0     sd 191 0
65 IC 4593 PN 16 11 44.5480003321 +12 04 17.033164436   10.91 10.84     O7fp 441 0
66 PN Mz 2 PN 16 14 32.3972570889 -54 57 04.660854787     13.00     ~ 99 0
67 PN A66 39 PN 16 27 33.7200850209 +27 54 33.472758646   15.27 15.60     DAO.70 120 0
68 NGC 6153 PN 16 31 30.5709136856 -40 15 12.646146874   10.7 15.55     ~ 290 0
69 IC 4637 PN 17 05 10.47 -40 53 07.7     9.20     ~ 126 0
70 PN M 2-9 PN 17 05 37.952 -10 08 34.58   12.59 14.7     Be 507 0
71 NGC 6309 PN 17 14 04.3073336607 -12 54 37.891046946   11.6       O(He) 299 1
72 NGC 6369 PN 17 29 20.4566547788 -23 45 34.771598164   16.6 12.00     [WC4] 304 0
73 PN K 1-14 PN 17 42 36.76 +21 27 02.5           ~ 59 0
74 PN M 1-26 PN 17 45 57.6652777318 -30 12 00.874208077   12.89 12.08 12.00   [WR] 203 0
75 PN A66 43 PN 17 53 32.2767918769 +10 37 24.211581466   14.53 14.71     O7fk 127 0
76 NGC 6543 PN 17 58 33.4042519454 +66 37 58.748961810   11.09 11.28     [WC] 1132 1
77 PN Sp 3 PN 18 07 15.8014218878 -51 01 10.219209180   12.80 12.89 13.46 13.22 O 72 0
78 NGC 6578 PN 18 16 16.517 -20 27 02.67           [WC4/6] 197 0
79 PN K 1-16 PN 18 21 52.1081781582 +64 21 53.413814961   14.44 14.96 15.26   PG1159 237 0
80 NGC 6629 PN 18 25 42.4541350714 -23 12 10.552870531   11.90 9.9     [WC5/6] 257 0
81 PN A66 46 PN 18 31 18.5911205515 +26 56 12.110472918   14.88 15.07     O9k 157 0
82 M 57 PN 18 53 35.0969571234 +33 01 44.883146221   15.405 15.769 15.901 16.062 DA(O?) 797 2
83 NGC 6781 PN 19 18 28.085 +06 32 19.29     11.8     ~ 249 0
84 PN A66 61 PN 19 19 10.2028390183 +46 14 51.974757707   17.05 17.39     DAO.57 51 0
85 NGC 6790 PN 19 22 56.966 +01 30 46.46   12.52 10.45     wels 314 0
86 PN Vy 2-2 PN 19 24 22.2390166933 +09 53 56.259102426   14.02 12.65 13.38   ~ 251 0
87 NGC 6804 PN 19 31 35.1448763380 +09 13 31.299517404   13.4 13.4     ~ 208 1
88 PN A66 63 PN 19 42 10.2896210362 +17 05 14.458035229           sdO+G: 197 1
89 NGC 6826 PN 19 44 48.1500835472 +50 31 30.250916761   10.21 9.6     O6fp 703 0
90 PN A66 65 PN 19 46 34.2091755631 -23 08 12.970430769   15.93 15.77 16.00 15.65 Opk 125 0
91 PN A66 66 PN 19 57 31.5027574043 -21 36 46.210232774   17.71 17.39     ~ 45 0
92 M 27 PN 19 59 36.3632092274 +22 43 16.312364964   13.749 14.089 14.247 14.405 DAO.6 571 0
93 NGC 6884 PN 20 10 23.6401227444 +46 27 39.547818788   11.9 10.9     ~ 308 1
94 Hen 1-5 pA* 20 11 56.064360 +20 20 04.17624 11.41 10.66 9.45     G8/K0Iae 493 0
95 NGC 6891 PN 20 15 08.8436589777 +12 42 15.585470301   12.11 12.51     O3Ib(f*) 386 0
96 NGC 6894 PN 20 16 23.965 +30 33 53.17           ~ 193 0
97 IC 4997 PN 20 20 08.7615653034 +16 43 53.993812400   11.94 11.15     [WC7/8] 530 0
98 NGC 6905 PN 20 22 22.9919829747 +20 06 16.284924395   16.3 14.5     [WC3] 332 0
99 PN A66 72 PN 20 50 02.0525260073 +13 33 29.524932685   15.761 16.070 16.237 16.381 ~ 72 0
100 NGC 7008 PN 21 00 32.817600 +54 32 35.37600       13.21   ~ 232 2
101 NGC 7009 PN 21 04 10.8153350719 -11 21 48.581808296   12.48 12.07     ~ 972 1
102 NGC 7026 PN 21 06 18.5721833093 +47 51 06.780221314   15.33 15.1     [WC3] 406 1
103 NGC 7027 PN 21 07 01.571952 +42 14 10.47120   10.358 8.831 10.157   ~ 2357 1
104 PN A66 74 PN 21 16 52.3415118702 +24 08 51.096477079   16.91 17.11     DAO 66 1
105 MWP 1 PN 21 17 08.2817539788 +34 12 27.415871206     12.33     PG1159 175 0
106 PN A66 78 PN 21 35 29.3817385380 +31 41 45.450384940   13.04 13.25     [WC5] 307 0
107 NGC 7094 PN 21 36 52.9688055651 +12 47 19.100520826     13.35     ~ 179 0
108 IC 5148 PN 21 59 35.0866715591 -39 23 08.237614320     16.5     O? 63 1
109 NGC 7293 PN 22 29 38.5453078023 -20 50 13.746093105 11.894 13.158 13.524 13.689 13.898 DAO.5 910 0
110 NGC 7662 PN 23 25 53.6 +42 32 06   9.4 12     ~ 913 0
111 PN Jn 1 PN 23 35 53.3216004369 +30 28 06.337286579   15.52 15.62     DOZ 97 0
112 PN G114.0-04.6 PN 23 45 47.7500431192 +57 03 58.442773918           ~ 76 0

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