Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 355, 629-638 (2000/3-2)
A ROSAT pointed observation of the Chamaeleon II dark cloud.
ALCALA J.M., COVINO E., STERZIK M.F., SCHMITT J.H.M.M., KRAUTTER J. and NEUHAEUSER R.
Abstract (from CDS):
A deep 13.5ksec ROSAT PSPC pointed observation in the Chamaeleon II (Cha II) cloud is reported. 40 X-ray sources are detected of which 14 can be identified with previously known young stellar objects (YSOs), namely IRAS sources, classical T Tauri stars and weak T Tauri stars. From spectroscopic follow-up observations, four new weak T Tauri candidates have been found. The X-ray sources are mainly located on the north-east of the cloud and their spatial distribution follows the lanes of the 100µm dust emission. Their X-ray properties are similar to those of low-mass PMS stars. None of the protostar candidates in Cha II has been detected in the ROSAT pointed observation, in agreement with the ASCA observations results. The X-ray detection rates indicate that the weak T Tauri stars (WTTS) are less numerous than the classical T Tauri stars (CTTS), contrarily to the findings in Chamaeleon I (Cha I) and other star forming regions where the WTTS may outnumber the CTTS. The latter result could be a consequence of the fact that Cha II is in an earlier evolutionary stage as compared to Cha I, as conjectured by previous studies. The Cha II young stellar objects (YSOs) are, on the average, slightly less X-ray luminous than those in Cha I, but the normalised X-ray luminosity distribution functions of the two regions are not significantly different.
surveys - stars: formation - stars: low-mass - stars: pre-main sequence - ISM: individual objects: Chamaeleon clouds - X-rays: stars
Table 1: CHIIXR NN (Nos 1-40).
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