Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 357, 898-908 (2000/5-3)
Mid-infrared ISO spectroscopy of NGC 4945.
SPOON H.W.W., KOORNNEEF J., MOORWOOD A.F.M., LUTZ D. and TIELENS A.G.G.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have observed the central region of the nearby starburst galaxy NGC 4945 with the mid-infrared spectrometers SWS and PHT-S aboard ISO. We do not find any evidence for the existence of the powerful AGN, inferred from hard X-ray observations. The upper limits on our AGN tracers [NeV] 14.32µm&24.3µm and [NeVI] 7.65µm imply an AV>160 towards the NLR, assuming the NLR to be of equal strength as in the Circinus galaxy. Other possibilities are discussed. The starburst excitation indicators [NeIII]15.56µm/[NeII]12.81µm and Lbol/Llyc suggest that the starburst in the central region is at least 5x106yrs old, and that it accounts for at least half of the nuclear bolometric luminosity. The starburst might well power the entire bolometric luminosity, but the available constraints are also consistent with an up to 50% contribution of the embedded AGN. With PHT-S, at a resolution of ≃90, we detect strong absorption features of water ice, and, for the first time in an external galaxy, of CO2 and CO. The same PHT-S spectrum also reveals strong emission from the family of PAH features. Finally, we have observed and detected several pure rotational and ro-vibrational H2 lines, two of which, the (0-0) S(0) & S(1) lines, allow us to determine the excitation temperature (160K) and warm H2 mass (2.4x107M☉). The low excitation temperature shows Orion-like shocks not to be representative for the entire emission of the central region of the galaxy and fairly normal PDRs to be perhaps more typical.
galaxies: individual: NGC 4945 - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: starburst - galaxies: Seyfert
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