Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 317, 79-96 (2000/September-1)
Central cusp caused by a supermassive black hole in axisymmetric models of elliptical galaxies.
LEEUWIN F. and ATHANASSOULA E.
Abstract (from CDS):
We use numerical simulations to investigate the cusp at the centre of elliptical galaxies caused by the slow growth of a supermassive black hole. We study this problem for axisymmetric models of galaxies with or without rotation. The numerical simulations are based on the `perturbation particles' method, and use GRAPEs to compute the force arising from the cusp. We study the way in which the density cusp is affected by the initial flattening of the model, as well as the role played by initial rotation. The logarithmic slope of the density cusp is found to be very much insensitive to flattening; as a consequence, we deduce that tangential velocity anisotropy - which supports the flattening - is also of little influence on the final cusp. We investigate, via two different kinds of rotating models, the efficiency with which a rotation velocity component builds within the cusp. A cusp in rotation develops only for models where a net rotation component is initially present at high energy levels. The eventual observation of a central rotational velocity peak in elliptical galaxies has, therefore, some implications for the galaxy dynamical history.
2000, Royal Astronomical Society
methods: numerical - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - galaxies: nuclei - galaxies: structure