Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 395, 535-540 (2002/11-4)
Temperature and gravity of the pulsating extreme helium star LSS 3184 (BX Cir) through its pulsation cycle.
WOOLF V.M. and JEFFERY C.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the analysis of optical spectra of the extreme helium star LSS 3184 (BX Cir) to determine its effective temperature and gravity throughout its pulsation cycle. The spectra were also used to measure its chemical abundances. We report rest gravity, logg=3.38±0.02, and a chemical abundance mixture consistent with those reported earlier in a study using an optical spectrum with lower spectral resolution and a lower signal to noise ratio. Our analysis decreases the upper limit for the H abundance to H<6.0 (mass fraction <7.1x10–7). Our gravity corresponds to stellar mass M=0.47±0.03M☉. We find that the effective logg varies through the pulsation cycle with an amplitude of 0.28 dex. The effective gravity is smaller than the rest gravity except when the star is very near its minimum radius. The change in effective gravity is primarily caused by acceleration of the stellar surface. Based on the optical spectra, we find the temperature varies with an amplitude of 3450K. We find a time averaged mean temperature, 23390±90K, consistent with that found in the earlier optical spectrum study. The mean temperature is 1750K hotter than that found using combined ultraviolet spectra and V and R photometry and the variation amplitude is larger. This discrepancy is similar to that found for the extreme helium star V652 Her.