SIMBAD references

2002AJ....123.2703D - Astron. J., 123, 2703-2714 (2002/May-0)

Rapidly rotating lithium-rich K giants: the new case of the giant PDS 365.


Abstract (from CDS):

PDS 365 is a newly detected, rapidly rotating (vsini=20 km.s–1), single, low-mass giant star that with HD 233517 and HD 219025 forms a remarkable ensemble of single K giants with the unique properties of rapid rotation, very strong Li lines, an asymmetrical Hα profile, and a large far-infrared excess. Their vsini values are between 18 and 23 km.s–1, and their LTE Li abundances, log{epsiv}(Li), are between 2.9 and 3.9. Detailed analysis of PDS 365 reveals it to be a ∼1 M giant with a value of 12C/13C approximately equal to 12. A clear relation between high rotational velocities and very high Li abundances for K giant stars is found only when asymmetrical Hα profiles and large far-infrared excesses are present. If we consider single K giants, we find that among rapid (vsini≥8 km.s–1) rotators, a very large proportion (∼50%) are Li-rich giants. This proportion is in contrast with a very low proportion (∼2%) of Li-rich stars among the much more common slowly rotating K giants. This striking difference is discussed in terms of proposed mechanisms for Li enrichment.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Stars: Circumstellar Matter - Stars: Abundances - Stars: Activity - Stars: Chemically Peculiar - stars: individual (PDS 365) - Stars: Mass Loss - Stars: Rotation

Simbad objects: 30

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