Astrophys. J., 574, 518-526 (2002/July-3)
The X-ray spectrum of Fe16+ revisited with a multi-ion model.
DORON R. and BEHAR E.
Abstract (from CDS):
The theoretical intensities of the soft X-ray Fe16+ lines arising from 2l-3l' transitions are reexamined using a three-ion collisional-radiative model that includes the contributions to line formation of radiative recombination (RR), dielectronic recombination (DR), resonant excitation (RE), and inner-shell collisional ionization (CI), in addition to the usual contribution of collisional excitation (CE). These additional processes enhance mostly the 2p-3s lines and not the 2p-3d lines. Under coronal equilibrium conditions, in the electron temperature range of 400-600 eV where the Fe16+ line emissivities peak, the combined effect of the additional processes is to enhance the 2p-3s lines at 16.78, 17.05, and 17.10 Å, by ∼25%, 30%, and 55%, respectively, compared with their traditional, single-ion CE values. The weak 2p-3d line at 15.45 Å is also enhanced by up to 20%, while the other 2p-3d lines are almost unaffected. The effects of DR and RE are found to be dominant in this temperature range (400-600 eV), while that of CI is 3% at the most, and the contribution of RR is less than 1%. At lower temperatures, where the Fe16+/Fe17+ abundance ratio is high, the RE effect dominates. However, as the temperature rises and the Fe17+ abundance increases, the DR effect takes over. The newly calculated line powers can reproduce most of the often observed high values of the (Iλ17.05 + Iλ17.10)/Iλ15.01 intensity ratio. The importance of ionization and recombination processes to the line strengths also helps to explain why laboratory measurements in which CE is essentially the sole mechanism agree well with single-ion calculations but do not reproduce the astrophysically observed ratios.
Atomic Processes - Line: Formation - Techniques: Spectroscopic - X-Rays: General
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