Hubble space telescope STIS ultraviolet spectral evidence of outflow in extreme narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies. I. Data and Analysis.
LEIGHLY K.M. and MOORE J.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present Hubble Space Telescope(HST) Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph observations of two extreme narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1's), IRAS 13224-3809 and 1H 0707-495. The spectra are characterized by very blue continua; broad, strongly blueshifted high-ionization lines (including C IV and N V); and narrow, symmetric intermediate- (including C III], Si III], and Al III) and low-ionization (e.g., Mg II) lines centered at the rest wavelength. The emission-line profiles suggest that the high-ionization lines are produced in a wind and that the intermediate- and low-ionization lines are produced in low-velocity gas associated with the accretion disk or base of the wind. In this paper, we present the analysis of the spectra from these two objects; in a companion paper, we present photoionization analysis and a toy dynamical model for the wind. The highly asymmetric profile of C IV suggests that it is dominated by emission from the wind, so we develop a template for the wind from the C IV line. We model the bright emission lines in the spectra using a combination of this template and a narrow symmetric line centered at the rest wavelength. We also analyzed a comparison sample of Hubble Space Telescope spectra from 14 additional NLS1's and constructed a correlation matrix of emission-line and continuum properties. A number of strong correlations were observed, including several involving the asymmetry of the C IV line.