RCS 043938-2904.9: a new rich cluster of galaxies at z=0.951.
BARRIENTOS L.F., GLADDERS M.D., YEE H.K.C., INFANTE L., ELLINGSON E., HALL P.B. and HERTLING G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present deep I, Js, Ksimaging and optical spectroscopy of the newly discovered Red-Sequence Cluster Survey cluster RCS 043938-2904.9. This cluster, drawn from an extensive preliminary list, was selected for detailed study on the basis of its apparent optical richness. Spectroscopy of 11 members places the cluster at z=0.951±0.006 and confirms the photometric redshift estimate from the (R-z) color-magnitude diagram. Analysis of the infrared imaging data demonstrates that the cluster is extremely rich, with excess counts in the Ksband exceeding the expected background counts by 9 σ. The properties of the galaxies in RCS 043938-2904.9 are consistent with those seen in other clusters at similar redshifts. Specifically, the red-sequence color, slope, and scatter and the size-magnitude relation of these galaxies are all consistent with that seen in the few other known high-redshift clusters and indeed are consistent with appropriately evolved properties of local cluster galaxies. The apparent consistency of these systems implies that the rich high-redshift RCS clusters are directly comparable to the few other systems known at z∼1, most of which have been selected on the basis of X-ray emission.