SIMBAD references

2004MNRAS.351..505G - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 351, 505-514 (2004/June-3)

Simulating Chandra observations of galaxy clusters.


Abstract (from CDS):

Although trivial in principle, direct comparison of galaxy clusters X-ray observations to numerical hydro-N-body simulations is not always simple, because of many possible artefacts introduced by the instrument response, sky background and instrumental noise. To address these problems, we constructed the software package x-mas (X-ray Map Simulator), a tool devoted to simulate X-ray observations of galaxy clusters obtained from hydro-N-body simulations. One of the main features of x-mas is the ability to generate event files following the same standards used for real observations. This implies that its simulated observations can be analysed in the same way as - and with the same tools of - real observations. In this paper we present how the x-mas package works, and discuss its application to the simulation of Chandra ACIS-S3 observations. Using the results of high-resolution hydro-N-body simulations, we generate fake Chandra observations of a number of simulated clusters. We then compare some of the main physical properties of the input data to those derived from the simulated observations after performing a standard imaging and spectral analysis. We find that, because of the sky background, the lower surface brightness spatial substructures, which can be easily identified in the simulations, are no longer detected in the simulated observations. We also show that, when a cluster has a complex (i.e. not isothermal) thermal structure along the line of sight, then the projected spectroscopic temperature obtained from the observation is significantly lower than the emission-weighed value inferred directly from hydrodynamical simulation. This implies that much attention should be paid in the theoretical interpretation of observed temperatures.

Abstract Copyright: 2004 RAS

Journal keyword(s): hydrodynamics - methods: {em N}-body simulations - methods: numerical - galaxies: clusters: general - cosmology: observations - X-rays: galaxies

Simbad objects: 16

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