Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 441, 631-640 (2005/10-2)
On the detection of chemically peculiar stars using Δa photometry.
PAUNZEN E., STUETZ C. and MAITZEN H.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have summarized all Δa measurements for galactic field stars (1474 objects) from the literature published over more than two decades. These measurements were, for the first time, compiled and homogeneously analyzed. The Δa intermediate band photometric system samples the depth of the 5200Å flux depression by comparing the flux at the center with the adjacent regions with bandwidths of 110Å to 230Å. Because it was slightly modified over the last three decades, we checked for systematic trends for the different measurements but found no correlations whatsoever. The Δa photometric system is most suitable to detecting magnetic chemically peculiar (CP) stars with high efficiency, but is also capable of detecting a small percentage of non-magnetic CP objects. Furthermore, the groups of (metal-weak) λ Bootis, as well as classical Be/shell stars, can be successfully investigated. In addition, we also analyzed the behaviour of supergiants (luminosity class I and II). On the basis of apparent normal type objects, the correlation of the 3σ significance limit and the percentage of positive detection for all groups was derived. We compared the capability of the Δa photometric system with the Δ(V1-G) and Z indices of the Geneva 7-color system to detect peculiar objects. Both photometric systems show the same efficiency for the detection of CP and λ Bootis stars, while the indices in the Geneva system are even more efficient at detecting Be/shell objects. On the basis of this statistical analysis it is possible to derive the incidence of CP stars in galactic open cluster and extragalactic systems including the former unknown bias of undetected objects. This is especially important in order to make a sound statistical analysis of the correlation between the occurrence of these objects and astrophysical parameters such as the age, metallicity, and strength of global, as well as local, magnetic fields.
stars: chemically peculiar - stars: early-type - techniques: photometric
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/441/631): table4.dat>
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