Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 360, 993-1006 (2005/July-1)
Very Large Array observations of broad 6-cm excited-state OH lines in W49A.
PALMER P. and GOSS W.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using the Very Large Array (VLA), we observed all three of the 6-cm lines of the 2Π1/2, J= 1/2 state of OH with sub-arcsecond resolution (∼0.4 arcsec) in W49A. While the spatial distribution and the range in velocities of the 6-cm lines are similar to those of the ground-state (18-cm) OH lines, a large fraction of the total emission in all three 6-cm lines has large linewidths (∼5-10 km/s) and is spatially extended, very unlike typical ground-state OH masers, which typically are point-like at VLA resolutions and have linewidths ≤1 km/s. We find brightness temperatures of 5900, 4700 and ≥730 K for the 4660, 4750 and 4765-MHz lines, respectively. We conclude that these are indeed maser lines. However, the gains are ∼0.3, again very unlike the 18-cm lines, which have gains ≥104. We compare the excited-state OH emission with that from other molecules observed with comparable angular resolution to estimate physical conditions in the regions emitting the peculiar, low-gain maser lines. We also comment on the relationship with the 18-cm masers.
masers - ISM: individual: W49A - ISM: molecules - radio lines: ISM