Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 445, 939-958 (2006/1-3)
uvby-β photometry of high-velocity and metal-poor stars. XI. Ages of halo and old disk stars.
SCHUSTER W.J., MOITINHO A., MARQUEZ A., PARRAO L. and COVARRUBIAS E.
Abstract (from CDS):
New uvby-β data are provided for 442 high-velocity and metal-poor stars; 90 of these stars have been observed previously by us, and 352 are new. When combined with our previous two photometric catalogues, the data base is now made up of 1533 high-velocity and metal-poor stars, all with uvby-β photometry and complete kinematic data, such as proper motions and radial velocities taken from the literature. Hipparcos, plus a new photometric calibration for Mv
also based on the Hipparcos parallaxes, provide distances for nearly all of these stars; our previous photometric calibrations give values for E(b-y) and [Fe/H]. The [Fe/H], V(rot) diagram allows us to separate these stars into different Galactic stellar population groups, such as old-thin-disk, thick-disk, and halo. The X histogram, where X is our stellar-population discriminator combining V(rot) and [Fe/H], and contour plots for the [Fe/H], V(rot) diagram both indicate two probable components to the thick disk. These population groups and Galactic components are studied in the (b-y)0
diagram, compared to the isochrones of Bergbusch & VandenBerg (2001ApJ...556..322B
), to derive stellar ages. The two thick-disk groups have the mean characteristics: ([Fe/H], V(rot), Age, σW'
)≃(-0.7dex, 120km/s, 12.5Gyr, 62.0km/s), and ≃(-0.4, 160, 10.0, 45.8). The seven most metal-poor halo groups, -2.31≤[Fe/H]≤-1.31, show a mean age of 13.0±0.2 (mean error) Gyr, giving a mean difference from the WMAP results for the age of the Universe of 0.7±0.3Gyr. These results for the ages and components of the thick disk and for the age of the Galactic halo field stars are discussed in terms of various models and ideas for the formation of galaxies and their stellar populations.
stars: fundamental parameters - Galaxy: evolution - Galaxy: formation - Galaxy: halo - Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics - Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) and C-M diagrams
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/445/939): table1.dat notes.dat table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat>
Table 1: [SMM2006] SPG NNN (Nos 1-446). Table 2: [SMM2006] SN NNN N=220 among (Nos 1-711). Table 2: [SMM2006] SPC NNN (Nos 1-550).
Table 2: [SMM2006] SPC NNN is the numbering NNN of the 550 objects of the table 4 of 1993A&AS...97..951S. Object S114-256 in table1 not identified. Table3 not in Simbad due to many cross-id problems.
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