Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 454, 595-607 (2006/8-1)
X-ray emission from T Tauri stars in the Lupus 3 star-forming region.
Abstract (from CDS):
In this paper, I present analysis results of an XMM-Newton observation of the Lupus 3 region that contains a high proportion of young low mass (M<0.3M☉) T Tauri stars in the Lupus star-forming complex. The detection of X-ray sources in 0.5 to 4.5keV images of the Lupus 3 core was performed using the standard source detection method of the XMM-Newton Science Analysis Software. The detected sources were correlated with a list of Herbig-Haro objects and Hα emission stars that contains mainly classical T Tauri stars, with a catalogue of weak-line T Tauri Stars and with a recent list of new low-mass members of the Lupus 3 dark cloud found in a visible-light spectroscopic survey at the center of the Lupus 3 star-forming core. The light curves and spectra of the brightest X-ray sources with known T Tauri star counterparts were analysed. One hundred and two X-ray sources were detected in the 30' diameter field-of-view of the EPIC cameras, of which 25 have visible or near-IR counterparts that are known as pre-main sequence stars. Their X-ray luminosity ranges from 3x1028 to 3x1030erg/s. Two of these objects with mass estimates lower than 0.075M☉ have an X-ray luminosity of about 4-7x1028erg/s, comparable with that of flaring young brown dwarfs. A linear correlation is found between the X-ray luminosity and the mass or volume of the stars that is qualitatively expected from some models of distributed turbulent dynamos. The EPIC spectra of the X-ray brightest sources can be fitted using optically thin plasma emission models with two components at temperatures in the ranges 3-9x106K and 1-50x107K, respectively. The large emission measure of hot plasma may be caused by disruptions of magnetic fields associated with an intense flaring activity, while the X-ray emission from the ``cool'' plasma components may result from solar-type active regions. The emission measures of the plasma components are of the order of 1052cm–3, typical of the values expected from coronal plasmas in T Tauri stars, post-T Tauri stars, and active late-type dwarfs in close binary systems. One property of the X-ray brightest stars in Lupus 3 that seems common among pre-main sequence stars is the low abundance of Fe.
stars: activity - stars: atmospheres - stars: coronae - stars: evolution - stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs - stars: late-type
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/454/595): table6.dat>
Table 6: [G2006] NNN (Nos 1-102).
Paragraph 3.1. Bianco 1 is a probable misprint for Blanco 1.
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