OBERST T.E., PARSHLEY S.C., STACEY G.J., NIKOLA T., LOHR A., HARNETT J.I., TOTHILL N.F.H., LANE A.P., STARK A.A. and TUCKER C.E.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the first detection of the 205 µm 3P1⟶\ul 3P0 [N II] line from a ground-based observatory using a direct detection spectrometer. The line was detected from the Carina star formation region using the South Pole Imaging Fabry-Perot Interferometer (SPIFI) on the Antarctic Submillimeter Telescope and Remote Observatory (AST/RO) at the South Pole. The [N II] 205 µm line strength indicates a low-density (n∼32/cm3) ionized medium, similar to the low-density ionized halo previously reported in its [O III] 52 and 88 µm line emission. When compared with the Infrared Space Observatory [C II] observations of this region, we find that 27% of the [C II] line emission arises from this low-density ionized gas, but the large majority (∼73%) of the observed [C II] line emission arises from the neutral interstellar medium. This result supports and underpins prior conclusions that most of the observed [C II] 158 µm line emission from Galactic and extragalactic sources arises from the warm, dense photodissociated surfaces of molecular clouds. The detection of the [N II] line demonstrates the utility of Antarctic sites for THz spectroscopy.
ISM: H II Regions - Infrared: ISM - Instrumentation: Spectrographs - ISM: Atoms - ISM: Individual: Name: Carina Nebula - ISM: Lines and Bands