Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 165, 256-282 (2006/July-0)
The origins of fluorescent H2 emission from T Tauri stars.
HERCZEG G.J., LINSKY J.L., WALTER F.M., GAHM G.F. and JOHNS-KRULL C.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We survey fluorescent H2emission in HST STIS spectra of the classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs) TW Hya, DF Tau, RU Lupi, T Tau, and DG Tau, and the weak-lined T Tauri star (WTTS) V836 Tau. From each of those sources we detect between 41 and 209 narrow H2emission lines, most of which are pumped by strong Lyα emission. H2emission is not detected from the WTTS V410 Tau. The fluorescent H2emission appears to be common to circumstellar environments around all CTTSs, but high spectral and spatial resolution STIS observations reveal diverse phenomenon. Blueshifted H2emission detected from RU Lupi, T Tau, and DG Tau is consistent with an origin in an outflow. The H2emission from TW Hya, DF Tau, and V836 Tau is centered at the radial velocity of the star and is consistent with an origin in a warm disk surface. The H2lines from RU Lupi, DF Tau, and T Tau also have excess blueshifted H2emission that extends to as much as -100 km/s. The strength of this blueshifted component from DF Tau and T Tau depends on the upper level of the transition. In all cases, the small aperture and attenuation of H2emission by stellar winds restricts the H2emission to be formed close to the star. In the observation of RU Lupi, the Lyα emission and the H2emission that is blueshifted by 15 km/s are extended to the SW by ∼0".07, although the faster H2gas that extends to ∼100 km/s is not spatially extended. We also find a small reservoir of H2emission from TW Hya and DF Tau consistent with an excitation temperature of ∼2.5x104 K.
Accretion, Accretion Disks - Stars: Circumstellar Matter - Line: Identification - Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence - Ultraviolet: Stars
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