Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 369, 1351-1374 (2006/July-1)
Eridanus - a supergroup in the local Universe?
BROUGH S., FORBES D.A., KILBORN V.A., COUCH W. and COLLESS M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We examine a possible supergroup in the direction of the Eridanus constellation using 6dF Galaxy Survey second data release (6dFGS DR2) positions and velocities together with Two-Micron All-Sky Survey and Hyper-Lyon-Meudon Extragalactic DAtabase photometry. We perform a friends-of-friends analysis to determine which galaxies are associated with each substructure before examining the properties of the constituent galaxies. The overall structure is made up of three individual groups that are likely to merge to form a cluster of mass ∼7x1013M☉. We conclude that this structure is a supergroup. We also examine the colours, morphologies and luminosities of the galaxies in the region with respect to their local projected surface density. We find that the colours of the galaxies redden with increasing density, the median luminosities are brighter with increasing environmental density and the morphologies of the galaxies show a strong morphology-density relation. The colours and luminosities of the galaxies in the supergroup are already similar to those of galaxies in clusters; however, the supergroup contains more late-type galaxies, consistent with its lower projected surface density. Due to the velocity dispersion of the groups in the supergroup, which are lower than those of clusters, we conclude that the properties of the constituent galaxies are likely to be a result of merging or strangulation processes in groups outlying this structure.
2006 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2006 RAS
surveys - galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: individual: NGC 1407 - galaxies: individual: NGC 1332 - galaxies: individual: NGC 1395
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/369/1351): tablea1.dat tableb1.dat>
Table 1, col(2): 6dFGS gJHHMMSS.s+DDMMSS N=31.
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