Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 461, L9-12 (2007/1-1)
A Wolf-Rayet/black-hole X-ray binary candidate in NGC 300.
CARPANO S., POLLOCK A.M.T., WILMS J., EHLE M. and SCHIRMER M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Wolf Rayet/black hole binaries are believed to exist as a later evolutionary product of high-mass X-ray binaries. Hundreds of such binaries may exist in galaxies, but only a few of them are close enough to be observed as X-ray binaries. Only a couple of candidates have been reported so far. Based on XMM-Newton observations, we report the positional coincidence of the brightest X-ray source in NGC 300 (NGC 300 X-1) with a Wolf-Rayet candidate. Temporal and spectral analysis of the X-ray source is performed. We determine an accurate X-ray position of the object, and derive light curves, spectra and flux in four XMM-Newton observations.The positions of the X-ray source and the helium star candidate coincide within 0.11"±0.45". The X-ray light curves show irregular variability. During one XMM-Newton observation, the flux increased by about a factor of ten in 10h. The spectrum can be modelled by a power-law with Γ∼2.45 with additional relatively weak line emission, notably around 0.95 keV. The mean observed (absorbed) luminosity in the 0.2-10keV band is ∼2x1038erg/s. NGC 300 X-1 is a good candidate for a Wolf-Rayet/black-hole X-ray binary: its position coincides with a Wolf-Rayet candidate and the unabsorbed X-ray luminosity reached L0.2–10keV∼1x1039erg/s, suggesting the presence of a black hole.