Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 463, 275-288 (2007/2-3)
The onset of X-ray emission in young stellar objects. A Chandra observation of the Serpens star-forming region.
GIARDINO G., FAVATA F., MICELA G., SCIORTINO S. and WINSTON E.
Abstract (from CDS):
To study the properties of X-ray emission from young stellar objects (YSOs) through their evolution from Class I to Class III and determine whether Class 0 protostars emit X-rays. A deep Chandra X-ray observation of the Serpens star-forming region was obtained. The Serpens Cloud Core is ideally suited for this type of investigation, being populated by a dense and extremely young cluster whose members are found in all evolutionary stages, including six well-studied Class 0 sources. None of the six Class 0 protostars is detected in our observations, excluding the presence of sources with typical X-ray luminosities >0.4x1030erg/s (for column densities of the order of 4x1023cm–2, or AV∼200). A total of 85 X-ray sources are detected and the light curves and spectra of 35 YSOs are derived. There is a clear trend of decreasing absorbing column densities as one moves from Class I to Class III sources, and some evidence of decreasing plasma temperatures, too. We observe a strong, long-duration, flare from a Class II low-mass star, for which we derive a flaring loop length of the order of 20 stellar radii. We interpret the flaring event as originating from a magnetic flux tube connecting the star to its circumstellar disk. The presence of such a disk is supported by the detection, in the spectrum of this star, of 6.4keV Fe fluorescent emission.
ISM: clouds - ISM: individual objects: Serpens cloud - stars: pre-main sequence - X-rays: stars
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/463/275): table5.dat table6.dat>
Table 5: [GFM2007] NN (Nos 1-85).
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