Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 472, 421-433 (2007/9-3)
Search for tidal dwarf galaxy candidates in a sample of ultraluminous infrared galaxies.
MONREAL-IBERO A., COLINA L., ARRIBAS S. and GARCIA-MARIN M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Small star-forming galaxies made out of collisional debris have been found in a variety of merging systems. So far only a few of them are known in Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies (ULIRGs) although they show clear signs of interactions. Whether external star formation may take place in such objects in an open question. The aim of this paper is to identify and characterise the physical and kinematic properties of the external star-forming regions in a sample of ULIRGs, including Tidal Dwarf Galaxies (TDG) candidates. The likelihood of survival of these regions as TDGs is also evaluated. The analysis is based on optical Integral Field Spectroscopy (IFS) and high angular resolution Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging. We found that the presence of external star-forming regions is common, with 12 objects being identified in 5 ULIRGs. These regions show a large range of dynamical mass up to 1x1010M☉, with average sizes of ∼750pc. In addition, the line ratios (HII region-like), metallicities (12+log(O/H)∼8.6) and Hα equivalent widths (34-257Å) are typical of young bursts of star formation (age∼5-8Myr), and similar to those of the TDG candidates found in less luminous mergers and compact groups of galaxies. The extinction corrected Hα luminosity of these young bursts leads to masses for the young stellar component of ∼2x106-7x108M☉. The likelihood of survival of these regions as TDGs is discussed based on their structural and kinematic properties. Particularly interesting is our finding that most of these systems follow the relation between effective radius and velocity dispersion found at lower (globular clusters) and higher (Elliptical) mass systems, which suggests they are stable against internal motions. The stability against forces from the parent galaxy is studied on the basis of several criteria and a comparison of the data with the predictions of dynamical evolutionary models is also performed. Five regions out of twelve show High-Medium or High likelihood of survival based on all the utilised tracers. Our best candidate, which satisfies all criteria, is located in the advanced merger IRAS 15250+3609 and presents a velocity field decoupled from the relatively distant parent galaxy.
galaxies: active - galaxies: interactions - galaxies: starburst - galaxies: dwarf
Table 2, Fig.1: [MCA2007] IRAS 08572+3915 RN (No. R1), [MCA2007] IRAS 12112+0305 RN (Nos R1-R2), [MCA2007] IRAS 12112+0305 kc N=1, [MCA2007] IRAS 12112+0305 kN (Nos k1-k2), [MCA2007] IRAS 14348-1447 R N=1, [MCA2007] IRAS 15250+3609 R N=1, [MCA2007] IRAS 16007+3743 RN (Nos R1-R3).
Paragraph 5.4 IRAS 1448-1447 is a misprint for IRAS 14348-1447. Paragraph 5.3 IRAS 15250+0305 is a misprint for IRAS 15250+3609.
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