Astrophys. J., 658, 299-313 (2007/March-3)
On the anomalous temperature distribution of the intergalactic medium in the NGC 3411 group of galaxies.
O'SULLIVAN E., VRTILEK J.M., HARRIS D.E. and PONMAN T.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present XMM-Newton, Chandra, and VLA observations of the USGC S152 group and its central elliptical NGC 3411. Imaging of the group X-ray halo suggests that it is relaxed with little apparent structure. We investigate the temperature and metal abundance structure of the group halo and find that while the abundance distribution is fairly typical, the temperature profile is highly unusual, showing a hot inner core surrounded by a cool shell of gas with a radius of ∼20-40 kpc, at the center of the larger group halo. Spectral mapping confirms an irregular ring of gas ∼0.15 keV cooler than its surroundings. We estimate the total mass, entropy, and cooling time profiles within ∼200 kpc, and find that the cool shell contains ∼9x109 M☉of gas. VLA observations at 1.4, 5, and 8 GHz reveal a relatively weak nuclear radio source, with a core radio luminosity LR=2.7x1038 ergs/s and a diffuse component extended on scales of a few arcseconds (or more). A lack of evidence for activity at optical or X-ray wavelengths supports the conclusion that the central black hole is currently in a quiescent state. We discuss possible mechanisms for the formation of temperature features observed in the halo, including a previous period of AGN activity, and settling of material stripped from the halo of one of the other group member galaxies.
galaxies: clusters: individual (USGC S152) - galaxies: individual (NGC 3411) - Radio Continuum: Galaxies - X-Rays: Galaxies: Clusters
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