Characterization of gravitational microlensing planetary host stars.
BENNETT D.P., ANDERSON J. and GAUDI B.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
The gravitational microlensing light curves that reveal the presence of extrasolar planets generally yield the planet-star mass ratio and separation in units of the Einstein ring radius. The microlensing method does not require the detection of light from the planetary host star. This allows the detection of planets orbiting very faint stars, but it also makes it difficult to convert the planet-star mass ratio to a value for the planet mass. We show that in many cases, the lens stars are readily detectable with high-resolution space-based follow-up observations in a single passband. When the lens star is detected, the lens-source relative proper motion can also be measured, and this allows the masses of the planet and its host star to be determined and the star-planet separation to be converted to physical units. Observations in multiple passbands provide redundant information, which can be used to confirm this interpretation. For the recently detected super-Earth planet, OGLE-2005-BLG-169Lb, we show that the lens star will definitely be detectable with observations by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) unless it is a stellar remnant. Finally, we show that most planets detected by a space-based microlensing survey are likely to orbit host stars that will be detected and characterized by the same survey.
Cosmology: Gravitational Lensing - Stars: Planetary Systems