SIMBAD references

2007PASJ...59..167N - Publ. Astron. Soc. Jap., 59, 167-183 (2007/February-0)

Hard X-Ray properties of groups of galaxies as observed with ASCA.

NAKAZAWA K., MAKISHIMA K. and FUKAZAWA Y.

Abstract (from CDS):

begin{HTML}X-ray spectra of groups of galaxies, obtained with the GIS instrument onboard ASCA, were investigated for diffuse hard X-rays in excess of the soft thermal emission from their inter-galactic medium (IGM). In total, 18 objects with IGM temperatures of 0.7-1.7keV were studied, including HCG 62 in particular. Non X-ray backgrounds in the GIS spectra were carefully estimated and subtracted. The IGM emission was represented by up to two temperature thermal models, which was determined in a soft energy band below 2.5keV, mainly by the SIS data. When extrapolated to a higher energy range of 4–8keV, this thermal model under-predicted the background-subtracted GIS counts in HCG 62 and RGH 80 by > 2s significance, even though the background uncertainties and the IGM modeling errors were carefully accounted. A hard excess could also be present in NGC 1399. The excess was successfully explained by a power-law model with a photon index of ∼ 2, or a thermal emission with a temperature exceeding ∼ 3 keV. In HCG 62, the 2-10keV luminosity of the excess hard component was found to be 5.5x10<sup>41</sup> erg s<sup>-1</sup> at 2-10keV, which is ∼ 30% of the thermal IGM luminosity in 0.7–2.5keV. Non-thermal and thermal interpretations of this excess components are discussed.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: intergalactic medium - galaxies: clusters: general - X-rays: galaxies: clusters

Simbad objects: 31

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