Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 481, 465-480 (2008/4-2)
Searching for links between magnetic fields and stellar evolution. III. Measurement of magnetic fields in open cluster Ap stars with ESPaDOnS.
LANDSTREET J.D., SILAJ J., ANDRETTA V., BAGNULO S., BERDYUGINA S.V., DONATI J.-F., FOSSATI L., PETIT P., SILVESTER J. and WADE G.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
A small fraction of upper main sequence stars have strong, highly structured magnetic fields. The origin and evolution of these fields are not adequately understood. We are carrying out a survey of magnetic fields in Ap stars in open clusters in order to obtain the first sample of magnetic upper main sequence stars with precisely known ages. These data will constrain theories of field evolution in these stars. A survey of candidate open cluster magnetic Ap stars was carried out using the new ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at the CFHT. This instrument provides an alternative to the FORS1 spectropolarimeter used up to now for this survey. We have obtained 44 measurements of the mean longitudinal fields <Bz> of 23 B6-A2 stars that have been identified as possible Ap stars and that are possible members of open clusters, with a median uncertainty of about 45G. Of these stars, 10 have definite field detections. Nine stars of our sample are found not to be magnetic Ap stars. These observations significantly increase the information available about low-mass stars near the TAMS compared to our previous sample. We find that ESPaDOnS provides field measurements comparable to those that we have previously obtained with FORS1, and that these data also contain a large amount of useful information not readily obtained from lower resolution spectropolarimetry. With the new data we are able to expand the available data on low-mass, relatively evolved Ap stars, and identify more robustly which observed stars are actually magnetic Ap stars and cluster members. Re-analysis of the enlarged data set of cluster Ap stars indicates that such stars with masses in the range of 2-5M☉ show rms fields larger than about 1kG only when they are near the ZAMS. The time scale on which these large fields disappear varies strongly with mass, ranging from about 250Myr for stars of 2-3M☉ to 15Myr for stars of 4-5M☉. Our data are consistent either with emergent flux conservation for most (but not all) Ap stars, or with modest decline in flux with age.
magnetic fields - stars: magnetic fields - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: evolution - polarization - techniques: polarimetric
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