Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 487, 509-517 (2008/8-4)
Discovery of heavily-obscured AGN among seven INTEGRAL hard X-ray sources observed by Chandra.
SAZONOV S., REVNIVTSEV M., BURENIN R., CHURAZOV E., SUNYAEV R., FORMAN W.R. and MURRAY S.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We identify hard X-ray sources discovered by the INTEGRAL all-sky survey. We complete identification of a unique sample of active galactic nuclei (AGN) selected in the hard X-ray band (17-60keV) with minimal effects from absorption. Subsequently, we determine the fraction of obscured AGN in the local Universe. We observed 7 INTEGRAL sources with the Chandra X-ray Observatory to refine their localization to ∼2arcsec and to study their X-ray spectra. Two sources are inferred to have a Galactic origin: IGR J08390-4833 is most likely a magnetic cataclysmic variable with a white dwarf spin period ∼1450s; and IGR J21343+4738 is a high-mass X-ray binary. Five sources (IGR J02466-4222, IGR J09522-6231, IGR J14493-5534, IGR J14561-3738, and IGR J23523+5844) prove to be AGN with significant intrinsic X-ray absorption along the line of sight. Their redshifts and hard X-ray (17-60keV) luminosities range from 0.025 to 0.25 and from ∼2x1043 to ∼2x1045erg/s, respectively, with the distance to IGR J14493-5534 remaining unknown. The sources IGR J02466-4222 and IGR J14561-3738 are likely Compton-thick AGN with absorption column densities NH>1024/cm2, and the former further appears to be one of the nearest X-ray bright, optically-normal galaxies. With the newly-identified sources, the number of heavily-obscured (NH>1024/cm2) AGN detected by INTEGRAL has increased to ∼10. Therefore, such objects constitute 10-15% of hard X-ray bright, non-blazar AGN in the local Universe. The small ratio (≪1%) of soft (0.5-8.0keV) to hard (17-60keV) band fluxes (Chandra to INTEGRAL) and the non-detection of optical narrow-line emission in some of the Compton-thick AGN in our sample suggests that there is a new class of objects in which the central massive black hole may be surrounded by a geometrically-thick dusty torus with a narrow ionization cone.
surveys - galaxies: Seyfert - novae, cataclysmic variables - X-rays: binaries
Fig.2 IGR J14561+3738 is a probable misprint for IGR J14561-3738.
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