Astrophys. J., 682, 416-433 (2008/July-3)
Si and Fe depletion in Galactic star-forming regions observed by the Spitzer Space Telescope.
OKADA Y., ONAKA T., MIYATA T., OKAMOTO Y.K., SAKON I., SHIBAI H. and TAKAHASHI H.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the results of the mid-infrared spectroscopy of 14 Galactic star-forming regions with the high-resolution modules of the Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) on board the Spitzer Space Telescope. We detected [Si II] 35 µm, [Fe II] 26 µm, and [Fe III] 23 µm, as well as [S III] 33 µm and H2S(0) 28 µm emission lines. Using the intensity of [N II] 122 µm or 205 µm and [O I] 146 µm or 63 µm reported by previous observations in four regions, we derived the ionic abundances of Si+/N+ and Fe+/N+ in the ionized gas and Si+/O0 and Fe+/O0 in the photodissociation gas. For all the targets, we derived the ionic abundances of Si+/S2+ and Fe2+/S2+ for the ionized gas. Based on photodissociation and H II region models the gas-phase Si and Fe abundance are suggested to be 3%-100% and <8% of the solar abundance, respectively, for the ionized gas and 16%-100% and 2%-22% of the solar abundance, respectively, for the photodissociation region gas. Since the [Fe II] 26 µm and [Fe III] 23 µm emissions are weak, the high sensitivity of the IRS enables us to derive the gas-phase Fe abundance widely in star-forming regions. The derived gas-phase Si abundance is much larger than that in cool interstellar clouds and that of Fe. The present study indicates that 3%-100% of Si atoms and <22% of Fe atoms are included in dust grains which are destroyed easily in H II regions, probably by the UV radiation. We discuss possible mechanisms to account for the observed trend: mantles which are photodesorbed by UV photons, organometallic complexes, or small grains.
ISM: Dust, Extinction - ISM: H II Regions - Infrared: ISM - ISM: Abundances
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