SIMBAD references

2010ApJ...710..843S - Astrophys. J., 710, 843-852 (2010/February-2)

Nature of W51e2: massive cores at different phases of star formation.

SHI H., ZHAO J.-H. and HAN J.L.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present high-resolution continuum images of the W51e2 complex processed from archival data of the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at 0.85 and 1.3 mm and the Very Large Array at 7 and 13 mm. We also made line images and profiles of W51e2 for three hydrogen radio recombination lines (RRLs; H26α, H53α, and H66α) and absorption of two molecular lines of HCN(4-3) and CO(2-1). At least four distinct continuum components have been detected in the 3'' region of W51e2 from the SMA continuum images at 0.85 and 1.3 mm with resolutions of 0{farcs}3x0{farcs}2 and 1{farcs}4x0{farcs}7, respectively. The west component, W51e2-W, coincides with the ultracompact H II region reported from previous radio observations. The H26α line observation reveals an unresolved hyper-compact ionized core (<0{farcs}06 or <310 AU) with a high electron temperature of 1.2x104 K, with the corresponding emission measure EM>7x1010 pc/cm6 and the electron density Ne>7 x106/cm3. The inferred Lyman continuum flux implies that the H II region W51e2-W requires a newly formed massive star, an O8 star or a cluster of B-type stars, to maintain the ionization. W51e2-E, the brightest component at 0.85 mm, is located 0{farcs}9 east from the hyper-compact ionized core. It has a total mass of ∼140 M according to our spectral energy distribution analysis and a large infall rate of >1.3x10–3 M/yr inferred from the absorption of HCN. W51e2-E appears to be the accretion center in W51e2. Given the fact that no free-free emission and no RRLs have been detected, the massive core of W51e2-E appears to host one or more growing massive proto-stars. Located 2'' northwest from W51e2-E, W51e2-NW is detected in the continuum emission at 0.85 and 1.3 mm. No continuum emission has been detected at λ≥ 7 mm. Along with the maser activities previously observed, our analysis suggests that W51e2-NW is at an earlier phase of star formation. W51e2-N is located 2'' north of W51e2-E and has only been detected at 1.3 mm with a lower angular resolution (∼1''), suggesting that it is a primordial, massive gas clump in the W51e2 complex.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): H II regions - ISM: individual objects: W51e2 - stars: formation

Nomenclature: Figs 1-2, Table 2: [SZH2010] W51e2-WW (Nos N, E, W, NW).

Simbad objects: 18

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