2010MNRAS.401.2113E


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.06.22CEST08:39:45

2010MNRAS.401.2113E - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 401, 2113-2147 (2010/February-1)

Evidence for strong dynamical evolution in disc galaxies through the last 11 Gyr. GHASP VIII - a local reference sample of rotating disc galaxies for high-redshift studies.

EPINAT B., AMRAM P., BALKOWSKI C. and MARCELIN M.

Abstract (from CDS):

Due to their large distances, high-redshift galaxies are observed at a very low spatial resolution. In order to disentangle the evolution of galaxy kinematics from low-resolution effects, we have used Fabry-Pérot 3D Hα data cubes of 153 nearby isolated galaxies selected from the Gassendi Hα survey of SPirals (GHASP) to simulate data cubes of galaxies at redshift z = 1.7 using a pixel size of 0.125arcsec and a 0.5arcsec seeing. We have derived Hα flux, velocity and velocity dispersion maps. From these data, we show that the inner velocity gradient is lowered and is responsible for a peak in the velocity dispersion map. This signature in the velocity dispersion map can be used to make a kinematical classification, but misses 30 per cent of the regular rotating discs in our sample. Toy models of rotating discs have been built to recover the kinematical parameters and the rotation curves from low-resolution data. The poor resolution makes the kinematical inclination uncertain and the position of galaxy centre difficult to recover. The position angle of the major axis is retrieved with an accuracy higher than 5° for 70 per cent of the sample. Toy models also enable us to retrieve statistically the maximum velocity and the mean velocity dispersion of galaxies with a satisfying accuracy. This validates the use of the Tully-Fisher relation for high-redshift galaxies, but the loss of resolution induces a lower slope of the relation despite the beam smearing corrections. We conclude that the main kinematic parameters are better constrained for galaxies with an optical radius at least as large as three times the seeing. The simulated data have been compared to actual high-redshift galaxy data observed with VLT/SINFONI, Keck/OSIRIS and VLT/GIRAFFE in the redshift range 3 > z > 0.4, allowing us to follow galaxy evolution from 11 to 4Gyr. For rotation-dominated galaxies, we find that the use of the velocity dispersion central peak as a signature of rotating discs may misclassify slow and solid body rotators. This is the case for ∼30 per cent of our sample. We show that the projected local data cannot reproduce the high velocity dispersion observed in high-redshift galaxies except when no beam smearing correction is applied. This unambiguously means that, unlike local evolved galaxies, there exists at high redshift at least a population of disc galaxies for which a large fraction of the dynamical support is due to random motions. We should nevertheless ensure that these features are not due to important selection biases before concluding that the formation of an unstable and transient gaseous disc is a general galaxy formation process.

Abstract Copyright: © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 RAS

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: irregular - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - galaxies: spiral

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/401/2113): tableb1.dat tableb2.dat tableb3.dat tableb4.dat tableb5.dat tableb6.dat>

Simbad objects: 164

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Number of rows : 164

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 NGC 23 G 00 09 53.411 +25 55 25.46   12.5       ~ 294 3
2 NGC 26 GiP 00 10 25.8798210531 +25 49 54.904854088   13.9       ~ 80 2
3 NGC 266 LIN 00 49 47.8140035156 +32 16 39.806744424 12.98 12.54 11.63     ~ 173 2
4 NGC 278 H2G 00 52 04.3422973787 +47 33 01.649350749   10.5       ~ 224 1
5 NGC 428 AGN 01 12 55.709 +00 58 53.69   12.1   12.0 12.1 ~ 216 0
6 NGC 542 GiG 01 26 30.825 +34 40 31.72   15.4   14.23   ~ 52 0
7 IC 1727 GiP 01 47 29.890 +27 20 00.06   12.54 11.98 11.77   ~ 179 0
8 NGC 672 GiP 01 47 54.4762706495 +27 25 57.994773107 12.04 11.60 11.09 10.81   ~ 256 0
9 NGC 697 GiG 01 51 17.568 +22 21 28.69   12.7       ~ 108 0
10 NGC 753 GiG 01 57 42.2042404499 +35 54 57.713274642   12.6   11.59   ~ 192 1
11 NGC 828 rG 02 10 09.5458704337 +39 11 25.220114583   13.0       ~ 153 1
12 NGC 864 H2G 02 15 27.641 +06 00 09.43   12.00       ~ 209 1
13 UGC 1886 G 02 26 00.4914395175 +39 28 15.384460839   13.10       ~ 42 0
14 NGC 972 rG 02 34 13.385 +29 18 40.47   12.1 13.63     ~ 160 2
15 UGC 2082 GiG 02 36 16.152 +25 25 25.75   14.00       ~ 103 0
16 IC 239 GiG 02 36 27.8261541832 +38 58 09.081767475   12.1   12.75   ~ 98 0
17 NGC 1012 G 02 39 14.963 +30 09 06.01   13.1       ~ 83 1
18 NGC 1156 rG 02 59 42.8526900556 +25 14 28.350265697 12.13 12.32 11.74     ~ 285 1
19 UGC 2800 GiG 03 40 02.4553138970 +71 24 21.273462625   16.5       ~ 38 0
20 UGC 2855 H2G 03 48 20.731 +70 07 58.37   14.6       ~ 125 2
21 NGC 1530 G 04 23 27.102 +75 17 44.05   13.40       ~ 261 1
22 HCG 31 CGG 05 01 37 -04 15.4           ~ 125 0
23 2MASX J05013782-0415294 G 05 01 37.832 -04 15 28.48   13.44   12.76   ~ 68 1
24 NGC 1741 IG 05 01 38.3 -04 15 25   13.7   13.02 13.6 ~ 252 0
25 2MASXI J0501387-041533 G 05 01 38.301 -04 15 33.91   15.62   14.43   ~ 23 0
26 NGC 1961 LIN 05 42 04.775 +69 22 42.17   11.73 10.99     ~ 315 3
27 UGC 3382 G 05 59 47.737 +62 09 28.61   14.8       ~ 26 0
28 UGC 3384 G 06 01 37.35 +73 07 00.0   16.0       ~ 27 0
29 NGC 2146 SBG 06 18 37.710 +78 21 25.27 11.67 11.38 10.59     ~ 646 2
30 IC 2166 G 06 26 55.629 +59 04 48.39   12.68 12.01 11.45 10.86 ~ 69 0
31 UGC 3574 GiP 06 53 10.3946512552 +57 10 40.160074462   13.9       ~ 56 0
32 UGC 3521 G 06 54 59.918 +84 02 30.73   15.5       ~ 23 0
33 UGC 3528 GiG 06 56 10.516 +84 04 43.91   14.5       ~ 22 0
34 UGC 3691 G 07 08 01.276 +15 10 42.36   13.4       ~ 69 0
35 UGC 3685 GiG 07 09 05.9239782981 +61 35 44.052450522   13.1       ~ 48 0
36 NGC 2341 G 07 09 11.893 +20 36 10.21   13.65 12.88     ~ 76 0
37 NGC 2342 H2G 07 09 18.089 +20 38 09.22   12.92 12.15     ~ 112 0
38 NGC 2344 rG 07 12 28.6732537694 +47 10 00.291345379   12.99 12.14 11.57 10.80 ~ 88 0
39 NGC 2336 GiP 07 27 04.050 +80 10 41.05   13.46 12.51     ~ 226 0
40 NGC 2276 IG 07 27 14.485 +85 45 16.20   12.3       ~ 351 0
41 NGC 2366 H2G 07 28 51.85 +69 12 31.1 12.25 11.86 11.39 11.33   ~ 717 0
42 UGC 3876 LSB 07 29 17.4926731756 +27 54 01.751752628   14.40       ~ 55 0
43 IC 2199 GiG 07 34 55.748 +31 16 34.62   13.6       ~ 40 0
44 IC 476 LSB 07 47 16.289 +26 57 03.79   15.5       ~ 18 0
45 NGC 2500 LSB 08 01 53.1733310496 +50 44 13.606564536 11.98 12.20 11.62 11.34 10.85 ~ 176 1
46 NGC 2532 G 08 10 15.198 +33 57 23.37   12.90       ~ 148 0
47 NGC 2543 GiP 08 12 57.955 +36 15 16.23   12.70       ~ 141 1
48 IC 2233 LSB 08 13 58.909 +45 44 31.74 12.87 13.41 12.63 12.80   ~ 206 1
49 NGC 2541 GiG 08 14 40.1104536348 +49 03 42.058472450 12.03 12.26 11.80     ~ 285 1
50 NGC 2552 G 08 19 20.5356353357 +50 00 34.586263623 13.44 13.00 12.56     ~ 235 1
51 UGC 4393 EmG 08 26 04.3871074644 +45 58 03.351388460   13.35       ~ 91 1
52 NGC 2595 H2G 08 27 41.986 +21 28 44.73   13.9       ~ 168 0
53 IC 509 EmG 08 32 03.560 +24 00 39.10   14.60       ~ 63 0
54 UGC 4499 GiP 08 37 41.489 +51 39 08.58   13.50       ~ 123 1
55 NGC 2649 G 08 44 08.2656842174 +34 43 02.219437503   13.10       ~ 76 0
56 NGC 2746 LIN 09 05 59.4450331953 +35 22 38.576221538   14.40       ~ 58 0
57 NGC 2775 G 09 10 20.112 +07 02 16.53   11.417 10.481 9.920 8.994 ~ 330 0
58 NGC 2805 GiP 09 20 20.3890361599 +64 06 10.699751669   11.9       ~ 195 1
59 UGC 5045 LIN 09 28 10.0349930861 +44 39 53.128325141   14.3       ~ 32 0
60 NGC 2977 GiG 09 43 46.8023259624 +74 51 34.852319075   12.70       ~ 53 0
61 UGC 5228 GiG 09 46 03.651 +01 40 05.96   13.6   13.4 13.3 ~ 61 0
62 NGC 3003 GiG 09 48 35.580 +33 25 17.83   12.3       ~ 178 0
63 NGC 2985 Sy1 09 50 22.233 +72 16 43.13   11.37 10.61     ~ 230 1
64 NGC 3026 GiP 09 50 55.309 +28 33 04.25   13.80       ~ 81 0
65 NGC 3027 G 09 55 40.631 +72 12 12.84   12.3       ~ 98 0
66 NGC 3061 G 09 56 12.059 +75 51 59.57   13.90       ~ 60 0
67 NGC 3067 GiG 09 58 21.057 +32 22 11.97   12.7       ~ 230 1
68 NGC 3104 IG 10 03 57.185 +40 45 41.43   14.2       ~ 109 0
69 IC 2542 EmG 10 07 50.475 +34 18 54.83   14.60       ~ 38 0
70 NGC 3162 GiG 10 13 31.5928405755 +22 44 15.161785167   12.2       ~ 124 0
71 NGC 3147 Sy2 10 16 53.632 +73 24 02.34   11.43 10.61     ~ 436 2
72 NGC 3187 GiP 10 17 47.8695015096 +21 52 24.005791156 13.71 13.91 13.44 14.06   ~ 149 1
73 NGC 3310 AGN 10 38 45.857 +53 30 11.89   12.45 12.15     ~ 746 1
74 NGC 3319 SyG 10 39 09.533 +41 41 12.74   11.48 11.07     ~ 286 1
75 NGC 3346 EmG 10 43 38.9310594539 +14 52 18.435855622   12.80       ~ 164 0
76 NGC 3395 GiP 10 49 50.116 +32 58 58.22   12.1 12.10     ~ 258 2
77 NGC 3396 GiP 10 49 55.939 +32 59 26.44   12.6 12.50     ~ 198 1
78 NGC 3430 GiP 10 52 11.415 +32 57 01.53   12.2       ~ 198 0
79 NGC 3504 LIN 11 03 11.191 +27 58 20.77   13.48 12.93     ~ 493 2
80 NGC 3596 H2G 11 15 06.2072163849 +14 47 13.281853556   12.01 11.49 10.99 10.45 ~ 179 0
81 NGC 3664 GiP 11 24 24.258 +03 19 29.95   13.6       ~ 111 0
82 NGC 3719 rG 11 32 13.4577703513 +00 49 09.505259812   13.5   13.4 13.2 ~ 75 0
83 NGC 3720 GiP 11 32 21.5951926125 +00 48 14.526475797   13.7   12.954   ~ 78 0
84 NGC 3726 GiG 11 33 21.1357515876 +47 01 45.260627622   11.11   10.02   ~ 331 0
85 UGC 6628 G 11 40 05.7475480448 +45 56 31.741760477   14.6       ~ 70 0
86 NGC 3840 H2G 11 43 58.9643701127 +20 04 37.306253441 14.87 14.89 13.84 13.58   ~ 112 1
87 NGC 3893 GiP 11 48 38.207 +48 42 38.84   11.23 10.67     ~ 344 1
88 NGC 4045 AGN 12 02 42.261 +01 58 36.38   13.144   16.938 12.1 ~ 175 0
89 NGC 4062 EmG 12 04 03.8088012817 +31 53 44.492255334   11.90 11.21 10.62 10.03 ~ 242 0
90 NGC 4145 GiP 12 10 01.524 +39 53 01.90   12.2       ~ 149 0
91 NGC 4228 SBG 12 15 39.174 +36 19 36.80 10.63 10.30 9.93 9.74   ~ 883 1
92 NGC 4242 GiG 12 17 30.1848324010 +45 37 09.511603113   11.37 10.83     ~ 234 1
93 UGC 7699 LSB 12 32 48.003 +37 37 18.49   13.40       ~ 106 0
94 NGC 4605 GiG 12 39 59.381 +61 36 33.09   10.94   10.35   ~ 296 2
95 NGC 4618 GiP 12 41 32.8926165605 +41 09 03.051998352 11.03 11.22 10.78     ~ 300 2
96 NGC 4635 EmG 12 42 39.2373002500 +19 56 43.030397857   13.597 12.995 12.571 12.082 ~ 109 0
97 NGC 4651 LIN 12 43 42.627 +16 23 36.23   11.30 10.92 10.42 9.84 ~ 475 0
98 NGC 4713 GiG 12 49 57.8808487310 +05 18 40.927534284   12.3       ~ 278 0
99 NGC 5112 GiP 13 21 56.4434846806 +38 44 04.107480132   12.5       ~ 139 0
100 NGC 5204 LSB 13 29 36.508 +58 25 07.43   11.84   11.37   ~ 429 0
101 NGC 5296 GiP 13 46 18.680 +43 51 04.65   15.0       ~ 55 0
102 NGC 5297 GiP 13 46 23.694 +43 52 19.34   12.3       ~ 148 0
103 NGC 5376 LIN 13 55 16.0361018326 +59 30 23.911532583   12.9       ~ 87 0
104 NGC 5377 AGN 13 56 16.6685659057 +47 14 08.562084661   12.39 11.46 10.87 10.25 ~ 215 1
105 NGC 5394 GiP 13 58 33.6387896049 +37 27 12.752821928   13.7 13.12     ~ 185 1
106 APG 84 IG 13 58 34.30 +37 27 10.9           ~ 144 0
107 NGC 5395 Sy2 13 58 37.9631796001 +37 25 28.187672248   13.26 12.48     ~ 200 1
108 NGC 5430 EmG 14 00 45.820 +59 19 43.14   12.7       ~ 233 1
109 NGC 5474 GiP 14 05 01.608 +53 39 43.95   11.28 10.79     ~ 395 1
110 NGC 5585 GiG 14 19 48.204 +56 43 44.58   11.73 11.216 11.12 10.123 ~ 388 0
111 NGC 5608 G 14 23 18.734 +41 46 36.60   13.96   13.23   ~ 70 0
112 NGC 5622 AGN 14 26 12.195 +48 33 50.31   14.105 13.440 12.948 12.412 ~ 75 0
113 NGC 5678 AGN 14 32 05.5716657614 +57 55 17.157051439   12.10       ~ 213 1
114 NGC 5676 GiG 14 32 46.853 +49 27 28.11   11.7       ~ 241 1
115 NGC 5668 G 14 33 24.3422441832 +04 27 01.635936336   12.7       ~ 197 0
116 NGC 5693 GiP 14 36 11.151 +48 35 04.31   14.5       ~ 67 0
117 NGC 5727 EmG 14 40 26.104 +33 59 20.75   14.20       ~ 53 2
118 NGC 5774 GiP 14 53 42.755 +03 34 56.07   13.9 12.94     ~ 140 1
119 NGC 5832 G 14 57 45.90 +71 40 53.5 13.43 12.80 12.26 11.96   ~ 105 1
120 NGC 5874 GiG 15 07 51.820 +54 45 10.08   14.1       ~ 83 0
121 NGC 5879 AGN 15 09 46.7282797389 +57 00 00.544806616   11.9       ~ 230 1
122 UGC 9858 GiG 15 26 41.481 +40 33 51.84   14.0       ~ 84 0
123 NGC 5970 GiP 15 38 29.982 +12 11 11.79   12.2       ~ 164 0
124 NGC 5985 SyG 15 39 37.0620220294 +59 19 55.246166585   15.24 14.22     ~ 226 0
125 NGC 6015 G 15 51 25.2390943459 +62 18 36.228262113   11.69 11.14 10.61 10.08 ~ 215 0
126 UGC 10310 IG 16 16 17.9040378078 +47 02 43.158504118   14.9       ~ 129 0
127 NGC 6140 G 16 20 58.162 +65 23 25.98   12.6       ~ 98 0
128 NGC 6217 AGN 16 32 39.2277115994 +78 11 53.468793359   14.37 13.88     ~ 284 0
129 UGC 10445 SBG 16 33 47.1779742024 +28 59 01.514528137   13.30 13.96     ~ 121 1
130 UGC 10502 G 16 37 37.650 +72 22 29.31   13.1       ~ 32 0
131 NGC 6207 GiC 16 43 03.750 +36 49 56.73   12.189 11.651 11.240 10.691 ~ 226 0
132 NGC 6236 G 16 44 34.698 +70 46 48.96   12.7       ~ 60 0
133 NGC 6248 G 16 46 22.84 +70 21 18.2   14.1       ~ 53 0
134 UGC 10713 AGN 17 04 33.933 +72 26 47.52   14.00       ~ 56 1
135 IC 1251 GiP 17 10 13.228 +72 24 38.65   14.23       ~ 41 1
136 NGC 6412 GiG 17 29 37.522 +75 42 15.59   12.40       ~ 131 0
137 NGC 6503 LIN 17 49 26.4206717056 +70 08 39.587370580 11.56 10.95 10.28 9.92   ~ 480 1
138 UGC 11124 LSB 18 07 27.63 +35 33 51.1   13.9       ~ 34 1
139 NGC 6643 G 18 19 46.370 +74 34 06.23   11.80       ~ 292 1
140 NGC 6667 G 18 30 39.815 +67 59 13.39   13.7       ~ 53 0
141 IC 1291 LSB 18 33 52.573 +49 16 42.86   14.2       ~ 42 1
142 NAME UGC 11283 companion G 18 34 00.6 +49 22 19   16       ~ 9 0
143 NGC 6689 G 18 34 50.244 +70 31 26.00   12.60       ~ 110 0
144 UGC 11332 GiG 18 39 25.3 +73 34 48   13.6       ~ 27 0
145 NGC 6764 LIN 19 08 16.348 +50 55 59.14   15.00 14.32     ~ 279 1
146 NGC 6792 G 19 20 57.394 +43 07 56.57   13.4       ~ 45 0
147 Z 257-8 G 19 42 58.752 +45 17 54.01   13.5       ~ 47 1
148 UGC 11496 G 19 53 02.03 +67 39 54.0   17       ~ 11 0
149 UGC 11557 G 20 24 00.6832138248 +60 11 41.410920518   14.5       ~ 63 0
150 UGC 11707 G 21 14 31.75 +26 44 04.5   15.6       ~ 58 0
151 UGC 11852 G 21 55 59.304 +27 53 54.19   15.0       ~ 46 0
152 UGC 11861 G 21 56 24.148 +73 15 39.33   15.2       ~ 90 0
153 NGC 7177 LIN 22 00 41.250 +17 44 17.22   12.2       ~ 188 0
154 UGC 11909 GiG 22 06 16.157 +47 15 04.31   13.3       ~ 38 0
155 NGC 7217 LIN 22 07 52.368 +31 21 33.32   12.94 11.92     ~ 468 0
156 NGC 7231 GiG 22 12 30.117 +45 19 42.43   14.0       ~ 47 0
157 UGC 12060 GiG 22 30 33.7 +33 49 15   15.5       ~ 64 0
158 NGC 7440 GiG 22 58 32.5498250999 +35 48 08.726663640   14.6       ~ 45 1
159 NGC 7479 Sy2 23 04 56.668 +12 19 22.36 11.74 11.60 10.85 10.47 9.66 ~ 690 2
160 NGC 7538 OpC 23 13 37 +61 30.0           ~ 838 0
161 NGC 7741 GiP 23 43 54.375 +26 04 32.07 11.70 11.84 11.31     ~ 274 1
162 [ESS2003] Q2343-BX610 G 23 46 09.43 +12 49 19.2           ~ 42 0
163 NAME BzK 15504 G ~ ~           ~ 25 0
164 NAME 1E 0657-56 Arc+Core Galaxy LeG ~ ~           ~ 10 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.06.22-08:39:45

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